Перейти к основным материалам

Перейти к дополнительному меню

Перейти к содержанию

Свидетели Иеговы


У истоков жизни. Пять вопросов, которые требуют ответа



1. Как возникла жизнь?

1. Meinesz Alexandre. How Life Began—Evolution’s Three Geneses, translated by Daniel Simberloff. 2008, pp. 30-33, 45.

а. Crick Francis. Life Itself—Its Origin and Nature. 1981, pp. 15-16, 141-153.

2. Scientific American, “A Simpler Origin for Life,” by Robert Shapiro, June 2007, p. 48.

а. The New York Times, “A Leading Mystery of Life’s Origins Is Seemingly Solved,” by Nicholas Wade, May 14, 2009, p. A23.

3. Scientific American, June 2007, p. 48.

4. Scientific American, June 2007, pp. 47, 49-50.

5. Yockey Hubert P. Information Theory, Evolution, and the Origin of Life. 2005, p. 182.

6. NASA’s Astrobiology Magazine, “Life’s Working Definition—Does It Work?” (http://www.nasa.gov/ vision/universe/starsgalaxies/ life’s_working_definition.html), accessed 3/17/2009.

2. Так ли проста «простая» форма жизни?

7. Princeton Weekly Bulletin, “Nuts, Bolts of Who We Are,” by Steven Schultz, May 1, 2000, (http://www.princeton.edu/ pr/pwb/00/0501/p/brain.shtml), accessed 3/27/2009.

а. “The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2002,” Press Release, October 7, 2002, (http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/2002/ press.html), accessed 3/27/2009.

8. “The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2002,” October 7, 2002.

9. Encyclopædia Britannica, CD 2003, “Cell,” “The Mitochondrion and the Chloroplast,” subhead, “The Endosymbiont Hypothesis.”

10. How Life Began—Evolution’s Three Geneses, p. 32.

11. Alberts Bruce et al. Molecular Biology of the Cell, Second Edition. 1989, p. 405.

12. Katz-Jaffe M. G., McReynolds S., Gardner D. K., Schoolcraft W. B. Molecular Human Reproduction, “The Role of Proteomics in Defining the Human Embryonic Secretome.” 2009, p. 271.

13. Popa Radu. Between Necessity and Probability: Searching for the Definition and Origin of Life. 2004, p. 129.

14. Between Necessity and Probability: Searching for the Definition and Origin of Life, pp. 126-127.

 Рамка: Скорость деления клетки

15. Martin William F., Müller Miklós. Origin of Mitochondria and Hydrogenosomes. 2007, p. 21.

16. Wolfe Pat. Brain Matters—Translating Research Into Classroom Practice. 2001, p. 16.

3. Откуда поступили инструкции?

17. Research News Berkeley Lab, (http: //www.lbl.gov/Science-Articles/Archive/ LSD-molecular-DNA.html), article: “Molecular DNA Switch Found to Be the Same for All Life,” contact: Lynn Yarris, p. 1 of 4; accessed 2/10/2009.

18. Wade Nicholas. Life Script. 2001, p. 79.

19. Bioinformatics Methods in Clinical Research, edited by Rune Matthiesen, 2010, p. 49.

20. Scientific American, “Computing With DNA,” by Leonard M. Adleman, August 1998, p. 61.

21. Ilic B., Yang Y., Aubin K., Reichenbach R., Krylov S., Craighead H. G. Nano Letters, “Enumeration of DNA Molecules Bound to a Nanomechanical Oscillator,” Vol. 5, No. 5, 2005, pp. 925, 929.

22. Ridley Matt. Genome—The Autobiography of a Species in 23 Chapters. 1999, pp. 7-8.

23. Alberts Bruce, Bray Dennis, Hopkin Karen, Johnson Alexander, Lewis Julian, Raff Martin, Roberts Keith, Walter Peter. Essential Cell Biology, Second Edition. 2004, p. 201.

24. Alberts Bruce et al. Molecular Biology of the Cell, Fourth Edition. 2002, p. 258.

25. No Ordinary Genius—The Illustrated Richard Feynman, edited by Christopher Sykes, 1994, photo with no page number supplied; note caption.

а. New Scientist, “Second Genesis—Life, but Not As We Know It,” by Bob Holmes, March 11, 2009, (http:// www.newscientist.com/article/ mg20126990.100) accessed 3/11/2009.

26. Lamb David. The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence—A Philosophical Inquiry. 2001, p. 83.

27. Associated Press Newswires, “Famous Atheist Now Believes in God,” by Richard N. Ostling, December 9, 2004.

Рамка: Молекула, которую можно прочитать и скопировать

28. Ulmschneider Peter. Intelligent Life in the Universe, Second Edition. 2006, p. 125.

4. Общий предок всего живого — был ли он?

29. Gordon Malcolm S. Biology and Philosophy, “The Concept of Monophyly: A Speculative Essay.” 1999, p. 335.

30. New Scientist, “Uprooting Darwin’s Tree,” by Graham Lawton, January 24, 2009, p. 34.

31. New Scientist, January 24, 2009, pp. 37, 39.

32. Field Museum of Natural History Bulletin, “Conflicts Between Darwin and Paleontology,” by David M. Raup, January 1979, p. 23.

33. Archaeology, “The Origin of Form Was Abrupt Not Gradual,” by Suzan Mazur, October 11, 2008, (www.archaeology.org/online/ interviews/newman.html), accessed 2/23/2009.

34. Gee Henry. In Search of Deep Time—Beyond the Fossil Record to a New History of Life. 1999, p. 23.

35. Biology and Philosophy, p. 340.

36. National Geographic-Россия. Древняя летопись. 2005. Янв. С. 105.

37. Morris Richard. The Evolutionists—The Struggle for Darwin’s Soul. 2001, pp. 104-105.

Рамка: Что известно об эволюции человека?

38. Cartmill Matt, Smith Fred H. The Human Lineage. 2009, Preface, p. xi.

39. Oxnard Charles E. Fossils, Teeth and Sex—New Perspectives on Human Evolution. 1987, Preface, pp. xi, xii.

а. Johanson Donald, Edgar Blake. From Lucy to Language. 1996, p. 22.

б. Anthropologie, XLII/1, “Palaeodemography and Dental Microwear of Homo Habilis From East Africa,” by Laura M. Martínez, Jordi Galbany, Alejandro Pérez-Pérez, 2004, p. 53.

в. In Search of Deep Time—Beyond the Fossil Record to a New History of Life, p. 22.

40. Critique of Anthropology, Volume 29(2), “Patenting Hominins—Taxonomies, Fossils and Egos,” by Robin Derricourt, 2009, pp. 195-196, 198.

41. Nature, “A New Species of Great Ape From the Late Miocene Epoch in Ethiopia,” by Gen Suwa, Reiko T. Kono, Shigehiro Katoh, Berhane Asfaw, and Yonas Beyene, August 23, 2007, p. 921.

42. Acta Biologica Szegediensis, Volume 46(1-2), “New Findings—New Problems in Classification of Hominids,” by Gyula Gyenis, 2002, pp. 57, 59.

43. New Scientist, “A Fine Fossil—But a Missing Link She’s Not,” by Chris Bead, May 30, 2009, p. 18.

44. The Guardian, London, “Fossil Ida: Extraordinary Find Is ‘Missing Link’ in Human Evolution,” by James Randerson, May 19, 2009, (http:// www.guardian.co.uk/science/2009/ may/19/ida-fossil-missing-link), accessed 8/25/2009.

45. New Scientist, May 30, 2009, pp. 18-19.

46. Critique of Anthropology, Volume 29(2), p. 202.

47. Science and Justice, Vol. 43, No. 4, (2003) section, Forensic Anthropology, “Anthropological Facial ‘Reconstruction’—Recognizing the Fallacies, ‘Unembracing’ the Errors, and Realizing Method Limits,” by C. N. Stephan, p. 195.

48. Holloway Ralph L., Broadfield Douglas C., Yuan Michael S. The Human Fossil Record—Volume Three. 2004, Preface xvi.

49. Scientific American Mind, “Intelligence Evolved,” by Ursula Dicke and Gerhard Roth, August/September 2008, p. 72.

50. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, “How Neandertals Inform Human Variation,” by Milford H. Wolpoff, 2009, p. 91.

51. Conceptual Issues in Human Modern Origins Research, Editors G. A. Clark and C. M. Willermet, 1997, pp. 5, 60.

а. Gould Stephen Jay. Wonderful Life—The Burgess Shale and the Nature of History. 1989, p. 28.