Rodyti straipsnį

Rodyti turinį



1. Kur gyvybės pradžia?

1. Alexandre Meinesz. How Life Began—Evolution’s Three Geneses, translated by Daniel Simberloff. 2008, p. 30–33, 45.

a. Francis Crick. Life Itself—Its Origin and Nature. 1981, p. 15–16, 141–153.

2. Robert Shapiro. “A Simpler Origin for Life”, Scientific American, June 2007, p. 48.

a. Nicholas Wade. “A Leading Mystery of Life’s Origins Is Seemingly Solved”, The New York Times, May 14, 2009, p. A23.

3. Scientific American, June 2007, p. 48.

4. Scientific American, June 2007, p. 47, 49–50.

5. Hubert P. Yockey. Information Theory, Evolution, and the Origin of Life. 2005, p. 182.

6. NASA’s Astrobiology Magazine, “Life’s Working Definition—Does It Work?”, ( vision/universe/starsgalaxies/ life’s_working_definition.html), accessed 3/17/2009.

2. Ar kuri nors gyvybės forma išties yra paprasta?

7. Steven Schultz. “Nuts, Bolts of Who We Are”, Princeton Weekly Bulletin, May 1, 2000, ( pr/pwb/00/0501/p/brain.shtml), accessed 3/27/2009.

a. “The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2002”, Press Release, October 7, 2002, ( nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/2002/ press.html), accessed 3/27/2009.

8. “The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2002”, October 7, 2002.

9. Encyclopædia Britannica, CD 2003, “Cell”, “The Mitochondrion and the Chloroplast”, subhead “The Endosymbiont Hypothesis”.

10. How Life Began—Evolution’s Three Geneses, p. 32.

11. Bruce Alberts et al. Molecular Biology of the Cell. Second Edition, 1989, p. 405.

12. M. G. Katz-Jaffe, S. McReynolds, D. K. Gardner, and W. B. Schoolcraft. Molecular Human Reproduction, “The Role of Proteomics in Defining the Human Embryonic Secretome”. 2009, p. 271.

13. Radu Popa. Between Necessity and Probability: Searching for the Definition and Origin of Life. 2004, p. 129.

14. Between Necessity and Probability: Searching for the Definition and Origin of Life, p. 126–127.

 (Rėmelis) Kokiu greitumu ląstelė dauginasi?

15. William F. Martin and Miklós Müller. Origin of Mitochondria and Hydrogenosomes. 2007, p. 21.

16. Pat Wolfe. Brain Matters—Translating Research Into Classroom Practice. 2001, p. 16.

3. Iš kur tos instrukcijos?

17. Research News Berkeley Lab, ( Archive/LSD-molecular-DNA.html), article: “Molecular DNA Switch Found to Be the Same for All Life”, contact: Lynn Yarris, p. 1 of 4; accessed 2/10/2009.

18. Nicholas Wade. Life Script. 2001, p. 79.

19. Bioinformatics Methods in Clinical Research, ed. Rune Matthiesen. 2010, p. 49.

20. Leonard M. Adleman. “Computing With DNA”, Scientific American, August 1998, p. 61.

21. B. Ilic, Y. Yang, K. Aubin, R. Reichenbach, S. Krylov, and H. G. Craighead. “Enumeration of DNA Molecules Bound to a Nanomechanical Oscillator”, Nano Letters, Volume 5, No. 5, 2005, p. 925, 929.

22. Matt Ridley. Genome—The Autobiography of a Species in 23 Chapters. 1999, p. 7–8.

23. Bruce Alberts, Dennis Bray, Karen Hopkin, Alexander Johnson, Julian Lewis, Martin Raff, Keith Roberts, and Peter Walter. Essential Cell Biology. Second Edition. 2004, p. 201.

24. Bruce Alberts et al. Molecular Biology of the Cell. Fourth Edition. 2002, p. 258.

25. No Ordinary Genius—The Illustrated Richard Feynman, ed. Christopher Sykes. 1994, photo with no page number supplied; note caption.

a.Bob Holmes. “Second Genesis—Life, but Not As We Know It”, New Scientist, March 11, 2009, ( mg20126990.100), accessed 3/11/2009.

26. David Lamb. The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence—A Philosophical Inquiry. 2001, p. 83.

27. Richard N. Ostling. “Famous Atheist Now Believes in God”, Associated Press Newswires, December 9, 2004.

(Rėmelis) Perskaitoma ir nukopijuojama molekulė

28. Peter Ulmschneider. Intelligent Life in the Universe. Second Edition. 2006, p. 125.

4. Ar visos gyvybės formos kilo iš bendro protėvio?

29. Malcolm S. Gordon. “The Concept of Monophyly: A Speculative Essay”, Biology and Philosophy, 1999, p. 335.

30. Graham Lanton. “Uprooting Darwin’s Tree”, New Scientist, January 24, 2009, p. 34.

31. New Scientist, January 24, 2009, p. 37, 39.

32. David M. Raup. “Conflicts Between Darwin and Paleontology”, Field Museum of Natural History Bulletin, January 1979, p. 23.

33. Suzan Mazur. “The Origin of Form Was Abrupt Not Gradual”, Archaeology, October 11, 2008, ( interviews/newman.html), accessed 2/23/2009.

34. Henry Gee. In Search of Deep Time—Beyond the Fossil Record to a New History of Life. 1999, p. 23.

35. Biology and Philosophy, p. 340.

36. National Geographic, “Fossil Evidence”, November 2004, p. 25.

37. Richard Morris. The Evolutionists—The Struggle for Darwin’s Soul. 2001, p. 104–105.

(Rėmelis) O kaip su žmogaus evoliucija?

38. Matt Cartmill and Fred H. Smith. The Human Lineage. 2009, Preface, p. xi.

39. Charles E. Oxnard. Fossils, Teeth and Sex—New Perspectives on Human Evolution. 1987, Preface, p. xi, xii.

a.Donald Johanson and Blake Edgar. From Lucy to Language. 1996, p. 22.

b.Laura M. Martínez, Jordi Galbany, and Alejandro Pérez-Pérez. “Palaeodemography and Dental Microwear of Homo Habilis From East Africa”, Anthropologie, XLII/1, 2004, p. 53.

c. In Search of Deep Time—Beyond the Fossil Record to a New History of Life. p. 22.

40. Robin Derricourt. “Patenting Hominins—Taxonomies, Fossils and Egos”, Critique of Anthropology, Volume 29 (2), 2009, p. 195–196, 198.

41. Gen Suwa, Reiko T. Kono, Shigehiro Katoh, Berhane Asfaw, and Yonas Beyene. “A New Species of Great Ape From the Late Miocene Epoch in Ethiopia”, Nature, August 23, 2007, p. 921.

42. Gyula Gyenis. “New Findings—New Problems in Classification of Hominids”, Acta Biologica Szegediensis, Volume 46 (1–2), 2002, p. 57, 59.

43. Chris Bead. “A Fine Fossil—But a Missing Link She’s Not”, New Scientist, May 30, 2009, p. 18.

44. James Randerson. “Fossil Ida: Extraordinary Find Is ‘Missing Link’ in Human Evolution”, The Guardian, London, May 19, 2009, ( 2009/may/19/ida-fossil-missing-link), accessed 8/25/2009.

45. New Scientist, May 30, 2009, p. 18–19.

46. Critique of Anthropology, Volume 29 (2), p. 202.

47. C. N. Stephan. “Anthropological Facial ‘Reconstruction’—Recognizing the Fallacies, ‘Unembracing’ the Errors, and Realizing Method Limits”, Science and Justice, Volume 43, No. 4, (2003) section, Forensic Anthropology, p. 195.

48. Ralph L. Holloway, Douglas C. Broadfield, and Michael S. Yuan. The Human Fossil Record—Volume Three. 2004, Preface xvi.

49. Ursula Dicke and Gerhard Roth. “Intelligence Evolved”, Scientific American Mind, August/September 2008, p. 72.

50. Milford H. Wolpoff. “How Neandertals Inform Human Variation”, American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 2009, p. 91.

51. Conceptual Issues in Human Modern Origins Research, ed. G. A. Clark and C. M. Willermet. 1997, p. 5, 60.

a.Stephen Jay Gould. Wonderful Life—The Burgess Shale and the Nature of History. 1989, p. 28.