Tsɔɔmɔ bɔ ni obaasumɔ ni ona niŋmai lɛ oha

Halamɔ wiemɔ

Shi kɛya saneyitsei bibii lɛ anɔ

Shi kɛya he ni ato saneyitsei lɛ anaa yɛ lɛ

Shi kɛya he ni ato saneyitsei lɛ anaa yɛ lɛ

Yehowa Odasefoi

Ga

BUU-MƆƆ MARCH 2015

Nikeenii Ko Ni Sa Kɛhã Maŋtsɛ

Nikeenii Ko Ni Sa Kɛhã Maŋtsɛ

‘Ŋulamiiaŋkwɛlɔi ni jɛ Boka lɛ jie amɛjwetrii lɛ akpo, ni amɛkekee lɛ nii—shika tsuru kɛ ohɛ́ ni jeɔ ŋma kɛ mire.’Mateo 2:1, 11.

KƐ́ OYAAKE gbɔmɔ wulu ko nii lɛ, mɛni obaasumɔ ni okɛke lɛ? Yɛ blema lɛ, abuɔ tsofai ni jeɔ ŋma komɛi akɛ amɛjara wa waa tamɔ abuɔ shika tsuru—amɛjara wa aahu akɛ abuɔ amɛ akɛ nɔ ko ni abaanyɛ akɛke maŋtsɛmɛi. Enɛ hewɔ lɛ, nikeenii ni ŋulamiiaŋkwɛlɔi lɛ kɛke “Yudafoi lɛ amaŋtsɛ” lɛ ateŋ enyɔ ji tsofai ni jeɔ ŋma.Mateo 2:1, 2, 11.

Balsam mu

Biblia lɛ wie hu akɛ, be ni Sheba maŋnyɛ lɛ basara Solomon lɛ, ‘ehã lɛ shika talentai oha kɛ nyɔŋmai enyɔ kɛ tsofai-kɛ-ŋmai loo balsam mu pii diɛŋtsɛ kɛ tɛi ní jara wa; ni tsofa-kɛ-ŋma ko bɛ ní tamɔ nɔ ni Sheba maŋnyɛ lɛ bahã maŋtsɛ Solomon lɛ.’ * (2 Kronika 9:9) Maŋtsɛmɛi hu ke Solomon tsofa-kɛ-ŋma loo balsam mu kɛtsɔɔ naanyobɔɔ ni kã amɛkɛ lɛ teŋ lɛ.2 Kronika 9:23, 24.

Mɛni hewɔ tsofai nɛɛ kɛ nibii krokomɛi ni anáa kɛjɛɔ mli lɛ ajara wa waa yɛ blema lɛ? Ejaakɛ akɛtsuɔ yiŋtoi babaoo ni he hiaa waa ahe nii, tamɔ hesaamɔ, jamɔŋ nifeemɔi, kɛ gbonyofuu. (Kwɛmɔ akrabatsa ni ji “ Bɔ ni akɛ Tsofai ni Jeɔ Ŋma Tsu nii yɛ Blema.”) Yɛ bɔ ni aheɔ tsofai ni jeɔ ŋma nɛɛ waa lɛ sɛɛ lɛ, shɔŋŋ ni akɛjɛɔ kɛ nyɔmɔ babaoo ni abɔɔ dani akɛbaa lɛ hu hãa amɛjara waa.

AKƐFOƆ ARABIA SHIA ŊA LƐ

Kashia

Yɛ blema lɛ, tsofai ni jeɔ ŋma tsei komɛi kwɛ̃ɔ yɛ Yordan Jɔɔ lɛ mli. Ni ashɛɔ ekrokomɛi hu kɛjɛɔ maŋsɛɛ. Atsĩ tsofai ni jeɔ ŋma nɛɛ srɔtoi atã yɛ Biblia lɛ mli. Ekomɛi ni ale waa ji Sharon fɔfɔi, aloe, balsam, sinamon, ohɛ́, kɛ mire. Yɛ enɛɛmɛi asɛɛ lɛ, ayɛ bai krokomɛi ni jeɔ ŋma ni akɛhoɔ niyenii tamɔ, kumin, kowɛ, kɛ anetom.

Nɛgbɛ aná tsofai ni jeɔ ŋma nɛɛ yɛ? Aná aloe, kashia, kɛ sinamon, yɛ ŋmɛnɛŋmɛnɛ China, India, kɛ Sri Lanka. Ni aná mire kɛ ohɛ́ hu kɛjɛ tsei kɛ jwɛi ni kwɛ̃ɔ yɛ Arabia anaigbɛ kɛmiimɔ Somalia ni yɔɔ Afrika lɛ shia ŋa lɛ nɔ mli. Ni he titri ni aná nardo mu yɛ ji Himalayas ni yɔɔ India lɛ.

Sharon fɔfɔi

Bɔ ni afee ni akɛ tsofai nɛɛ aya Israel lɛ, esa akɛ akɛtsɔ Arabia. Wolo ko (The Book of Spices) wie akɛ, enɛ hewɔ ni yɛ gbɛ ko nɔ lɛ, Arabia batsɔ “he titri ni atsɔɔ akɛ jatsui fãa gbɛ kɛjɛɔ Boka kɛyaa Anai” yɛ afi 2000 kɛmiimɔ afi 1000 D.Ŋ.B. afii lɛ amli lɛ. Blema maji, mɔji, kɛ hei ni jarayelɔi kɛ amɛkooloi ni tere jatsui toɔ shi yɛ ni yɔɔ Negev yɛ Israel wuoyi lɛ ji odaseyeli ni tsɔɔ akɛ, tsofa ni jeɔ ŋma jarayelɔi lɛ tsɔɔ jɛmɛ. Kuu ko ni atsɛɔ amɛ “World Heritage Centre of UNESCO” lɛ hu tsɔɔ mli akɛ, hei ni tamɔ nɛkɛ lɛ “hãa anaa akɛ, akɛ . . . jarayeli nibii ni shika babaoo yɔɔ mli nɛɛ tsɔ Arabia wuoyi kɛtee Mediteranea.”

“Tsofai ni jeɔ ŋma ji nibii titri ni asumɔɔ ní akɛye jara, ejaakɛ afimɔɔ amɛ bibiibii, ahɔ̃ɔ kɛ jara ni wa, ni aheɔ waa.”—The Book of Spices

 Jarayelɔi ni hiɛ tsofai ni jeɔ ŋma nɛɛ fɔɔ gbɛfãa aaafee kilomitai 1,800 kɛtsɔɔ Arabia. (Hiob 6:19) Biblia lɛ wie Ishmaelbii gbɛnyiɛlɔi ni tere “tsofai kɛ ŋmai kɛ gbonyowoo tsofa kɛ ohɛ ni jeɔ ŋma” kɛjɛ Gilead kɛmiiya Mizraim lɛ he. (1 Mose 37:25) Yakob bihii lɛ hɔ̃ɔ amɛnyɛmi nuu Yosef akɛ nyɔŋ amɛhã jarayelɔi nɛɛ.

“AKƐ JARAYELI MLI SANE ETEKO NƐKƐ DÔ

Anetom

Arabia jarayelɔi lɛ ji mɛi titri ni ye tsofa ni jeɔ ŋma jara, ni amɛfee enɛ afii ohai abɔ. Amɛbafee mɛi titri ni hɔ̃ɔ tsofai ni jeɔ ŋma tamɔ kashia kɛ sinamon ni anáa kɛjɛɔ Asia lɛ. Bɔ ni afee ni maji ni bɔle Mediteranea ŋshɔ lɛ mli bii lɛ akaya hei ni anáa tsofa ni jeɔ ŋma lɛ yɛ ni amɛ diɛŋtsɛ amɛyahe hewɔ lɛ, Arabiabii lɛ tãa adesãi gbeyei gbeyei ni tsɔɔ bɔ ni osharai yɔɔ tsofai ni jeɔ ŋma nɛɛ ataomɔ mli. Akɛni atsɔɔɔ hei ni anáa tsofai ni jeɔ ŋma lɛ kɛjɛɔ hewɔ lɛ, wolo ko (The Book of Spices) wie akɛ, “akɛ jarayeli mli sane eteko nɛkɛ dã.”

Kumin

Mɛɛ adesãi nɛkɛ Arabiabii lɛ tã? Herodotus ni ji Hela yinɔsaneŋmalɔ ni hi shi yɛ afi 400 D.Ŋ.B. lɛ wie adesãi ni Arabiabii lɛ tãa ni kɔɔ loofɔji ni he yɔɔ gbeyei ni kɛ sinamon tso hetotoi feɔ tsui yɛ gɔji ni anyɛɛɛ nɔ aya lɛ nɔ lɛ he. Eŋma akɛ, bɔ ni afee ni nine ashɛ sinamon ni ashwɛɛɛ he kwraa nɛɛ nɔ lɛ, mɛi ni taoɔ tsofa nɛɛ kɛ loo ni afɔlɔ lɛ agboi agboi shwieɔ gɔji lɛ ashishi. Ni loofɔji lɛ bakɔlɔɔ loi lɛ babaoo kɛyaa amɛtsui lɛ amli, ni no hãa amɛtsui lɛ kumɔɔ kɛbashwieɔ shikpɔŋ. Kɛkɛ lɛ, mɛi ni taoɔ lɛ kɛ oyaiyeli yaloɔ sinamon hetotoi lɛ ni amɛhɔ̃ɔ amɛhãa jarayelɔi lɛ. Adesãi nɛɛ gbɛ  eshwã waa. Wolo ko (The Book of Spices) wie akɛ, “akɛni asusuɔ akɛ oshara yɛ enámɔ mli hewɔ lɛ, ahɔ̃ɔ [sinamon] kɛ jara ni wa.”

Kowɛ

Naagbee mli lɛ, abayoo Arabiabii lɛ, ni no hã abɔi tsofai ni jeɔ ŋma lɛ eko hɔ̃ɔmɔ yɛ hei krokomɛi hu. Be ni shɛɔ klɛŋklɛŋ afii 100 D.Ŋ.B. lɛ, Alexandria, ni yɔɔ Ejipt lɛ batsɔ lɛjiadaamɔhe wulu ko kɛ he ni mɛi bayeɔ tsofa ni jeɔ ŋma jara yɛ. Romabii ameelei lɛ fãa kɛjɛɔ Ejipt lɛjiadaamɔ hei lɛ kɛyaa India, kɛ́ amlakumɛi lɛ yɔse akɛ kɔɔyɔɔ ni tswaa yɛ India Ŋshɔ lɛ hiɛ lɛ baahã gbɛfãa lɛ afee mlɛo lɛ. Enɛ hewɔ lɛ, tsofai ni jeɔ ŋma ni jara wa waa nɛɛ babu ni no hã amɛjara ba shi.

Ŋmɛnɛ lɛ, tsofai ni jeɔ ŋma ajara waaa kwraa kɛ akɛto shika tsuru he. Ni ebaawa akɛ mɔ ko baana tsofai ni jeɔ ŋma akɛ nɔ ko ni abaanyɛ akɛke maŋtsɛ. Kɛ̃lɛ, mɛi akpekpei abɔ ni yɔɔ je lɛŋ he fɛɛ he lɛ kɛ tsofai ni jeɔ ŋma tsuɔ nii; akɛfeɔ ojeŋmai, tsofai ni akɛtsaa hela, ni akɛwoɔ niyenii amli hu koni ehã niyenii lɛ aje ŋma ni eŋɔɔ. Anɔkwa, bɔ ni tsofai nɛɛ jeɔ ŋma waa hewɔ lɛ, asumɔɔ taakɛ eji yɛ afii akpei abɔ ni eho lɛ amli lɛ.

Sinamon

^ kk. 4 “Tsofa-kɛ-ŋma [loo balsam mu]” lɛ kɔɔ mui ni jeɔ ŋma loo mu ni anáa yɛ tsei kɛ jwɛi komɛi amli lɛ he.