Skip to content

Skip to secondary menu

Skip to table of contents

Jehovah’s Witnesses

English

2014 Yearbook of Jehovah’s Witnesses

 SIERRA LEONE AND GUINEA

An Overview of Sierra Leone and Guinea

An Overview of Sierra Leone and Guinea

Land Both countries feature coastal swamps, savannas, cultivated plateaus, and lofty inland mountains. Guinea is the source of three of West Africa’s major rivers—the Gambia, the Niger, and the Senegal.

People The Mende and the Temne are the largest of Sierra Leone’s 18 indigenous tribes. The Krio—descendants of freed African slaves—live mainly around Freetown. Guinea has over 30 ethnic groups, the largest of which are the Fulani, the Mandingo, and the Susu. *

 Religion About 60 percent of Sierra Leoneans are Muslim; the rest mostly claim to be Christian. Nearly 90 percent of the people in Guinea are Muslim. Most people in both countries also practice traditional African religions.

Language Each ethnic group has its own language. The lingua franca of Sierra Leone is Krio—a blend of English, European, and African languages. The official language of Guinea is French. Roughly 60 percent of the people in each country are illiterate.

Livelihood Most people are subsistence farmers. Alluvial diamonds account for nearly half of Sierra Leone’s export earnings. Guinea has one of the world’s largest bauxite reserves.

Food A popular expression is “If I haven’t had my rice, I haven’t eaten today!” Fufu, boiled cassava pounded into sticky dough, is often eaten with meat, okra, and sour sauce.

Climate Hot and humid on the coast. Cooler in the highlands. During the dry season, the harmattan, a parching Saharan wind, blows for days, dropping temperatures and blanketing the region in dust.

^ par. 4 Some tribes are known by multiple names.

 

SIERRA LEONE

GUINEA

LAND (square miles)

27,699 (71,740 sq km)

94,926 (245,857 sq km)

POPULATION

6,092,000

11,745,000

PUBLISHERS IN 2013

2,039

748

RATIO, 1 PUBLISHER TO

2,988

15,702

MEMORIAL ATTENDANCE IN 2013

8,297

3,609