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Jehovah’s Witnesses

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Leviticus 11:1-47

11  And Jehovah spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying to them 2  “Tell the sons of Israel, These are the beasts you are to eat, out of all the quadrupeds on the ground: 3  everything cloven-footed with a fissure severing half-hoofs, that chews the cud, among quadrupeds it you shall eat, 4  only that this you shall not eat of those that chew the cud and of those that have cloven hoofs: the camel, because it chews the cud but has no cloven hoofs,—it is unclean for you; 5  and the dassy, because it chews the cud but does not have cloven hoofs,—it is unclean for you; 6  and the hare, because it chews the cud but does not have cloven hoofs,—it is unclean for you; 7  and the hog, because it has cloven hoofs with a fissure severing half-hoofs but it does not chew the cud,—it is unclean for you. 8  You are not to eat any of their flesh nor touch their carcasses: they are unclean for you. 9  “This you are to eat out of everything in the water: whatever has fins and scales in the water, in seas or in streams, it you are to eat; 10  and what has not fins and scales in seas or in streams, any of the aquatic invertebrates or any living creature in the water, they are carrion to you, 11  and you are to hold them as carrion, not eat any of their flesh and avoid touching their carcasses. 12  Everything without fins and scales in the water is carrion to you. 13  “And these you are to avoid of uneatable birds; they are carrion: the vulture and the lammergeier and the eagle and the falcon 14  and the various kinds of kite, 15  all the various kinds of raven, 16**  and the ostrich and the nighthawk and the gull and the various kinds of hawk 17  and the little owl and the cormorant and the great owl 18**  and the water-hen and the barn-owl and the Egyptian vulture 19  and the stork and the various kinds of heron and the hoopoe and the bat, 20  and every winged insect that goes on all fours—it is carrion for you. 21*  Only this you are to eat out of all winged insects that go on all fours: what has a pair of legs with knee-joints above its other legs, to hop on the ground with: 22  these of them you are to eat, the various kinds of common grasshopper and the various kinds of solʽam grasshopper and the various kinds of hargol grasshopper and the various kinds of hagab grasshopper; 23  but four-footed winged insects in general are carrion to you. 24  “And for these you shall become unclean; anyone who touches their carcasses shall be unclean till evening, 25  and anyone who takes up any of their carcasses shall wash his clothes and be unclean till evening: 26  for all quadrupeds that are cloven-footed but do not have a severing fissure and do not chew the cud: they are unclean to you; anyone who touches them shall be unclean. 27  And whatever goes on paws among all the beasts that go on all fours: they are unclean to you; anyone who touches their carcasses shall be unclean till evening, 28  and the one who takes up their carcasses shall wash his clothes and be unclean till evening; they are unclean to you. 29*  “And this is what is unclean to you among the vermin that swarm over the earth: the weasel and the mouse and the various kinds of great lizard 30  and the gecko and the chameleon and the little lizard and the snail and the centipede: 31  these shall be to you most unclean of all vermin; anyone who touches them when they are dead shall be unclean till evening, 32  and anything that any of them fall on when they are dead shall be unclean, any wooden utensil or article of woolen cloth or leather or sackcloth, any article that is put to any use; it shall be put into water and be unclean till evening, and be clean. 33  And in the case of any earthen article that any of them falls inside of, whatever is inside it shall be unclean, and it you shall break. 34*  Of any food that is to be eaten, what water comes on shall be unclean, and any drink that is to be drunk in any vessel shall be unclean. 35  And anything that any of their carcasses falls on shall be unclean: baking-crock and boiling-brazier shall be demolished; they are unclean and you shall treat them as unclean. 36*  Only a spring or cistern, a body of water, shall be clean, but what touches their carcasses shall be unclean. 37  And when any of their carcasses falls on any planting-seed that is to be sown, it is clean; 38  but when water is put on seed and any of their carcasses falls on it you shall treat it as unclean. 39  “And when any of the quadrupeds that serve you for food dies, he who touches its carcass shall be unclean till evening. 40  And he who eats any of its carcass shall wash his clothes and be unclean till evening. And he who takes up its carcass shall wash his clothes and be unclean till evening. 41  “And all the vermin that swarm over the earth are carrion: they are not to be eaten. 42  All that goes on its belly and all that goes on all fours, and also all that has many feet, all the vermin that swarm over the earth, you shall not eat, because they are carrion. 43  Do not carrionize your persons with any swarming vermin, nor defile yourselves with them so as to be unclean by them, 44  because I Jehovah am your God and you are to hallow yourselves and be holy because I am holy, and not defile your persons with any vermin that creeps on the earth. 45  For it was I Jehovah who brought you up out of Egypt to have me for your God, and you are to be holy because I am holy.” 46*  This is the code for quadrupeds and birds and all animal life that stirs in the water and all life that swarms on the earth, 47  for discriminating between the unclean and the clean and between eatable and uneatable beasts.

Footnotes

11:16 (nighthawk) Unc.
11:16 Var. the various kinds of gull
11:18 (water-hen) Or ibis
11:18 (barn owl) Or pelican
11:21 Lit. above its legs
11:29 (weasel) Unc.
11:34 Or what any liquid gets onto
11:36 Var. a spring of water or a cistern that is a reservoir of water
11:46 Lit. creeps in the water