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Masʹkil.* Of Eʹthan the Ezʹra·hite.+ 89 Jehovah’s expressions of loving-kindness* I will sing about even to time indefinite.+ For generation after generation I shall make your faithfulness known with my mouth.+ 2 For I have said: “Loving-kindness will stay built even to time indefinite;+ As for the heavens, you keep your faithfulness firmly established in them.”+ 3 “I have concluded* a covenant toward my chosen one;+ I have sworn to David my servant,+ 4 ‘Even to time indefinite I shall firmly establish your seed,*+ And I will build your throne+ to generation after generation.’” Seʹlah. 5 And the heavens will laud your marvelous act, O Jehovah,+ Yes, your faithfulness in the congregation* of the holy ones. 6 For who in the skies can be compared to Jehovah?+ Who can resemble Jehovah among the sons of God?*+ 7 God* is to be held in awe among the intimate group of holy ones;+ He is grand and fear-inspiring over all who are round about him.+ 8 O Jehovah God of armies,+ Who is vigorous like you, O Jah?*+ And your faithfulness is all around you.+ 9 You are ruling over the swelling of the sea;+ When it raises up its waves you yourself calm them.+ 10 You yourself have crushed Raʹhab,*+ even as someone slain.+ By the arm of your strength you have scattered your enemies.+ 11 Heaven is yours,+ the earth also is yours;+ The productive land* and what fills it+—you yourself have founded them.+ 12 The north and the south*—you yourself created them;+ Taʹbor+ and Herʹmon+—in your name they cry out joyfully.+ 13 An arm with mightiness is yours,+ Your hand is strong,+ Your right hand is exalted.+ 14 Righteousness and judgment are the established place of your throne;+ Loving-kindness and trueness* themselves come in before your face.+ 15 Happy are the people knowing the joyful shouting.+ O Jehovah, in the light of your face they keep walking.+ 16 In your name they are joyful all day long+ And in your righteousness they are exalted.+ 17 For you are the beauty of their strength;+ And by your goodwill our horn is exalted.+ 18 For our shield belongs to Jehovah,+ And our king belongs to the Holy One of Israel.+ 19 At that time you spoke in a vision to your loyal ones,+ And you proceeded to say: “I have placed help upon a mighty one;+ I have exalted a chosen one from among the people.+ 20 I have found David my servant;+ With my holy oil I have anointed him,+ 21 With whom my own hand will be firm,+ Whom my own arm also will strengthen.+ 22 No enemy will make exactions upon him,+ Neither will any son of unrighteousness afflict him.+ 23 And from before him I crushed his adversaries to pieces,+ And to those intensely hating him I kept dealing out blows.+ 24 And my faithfulness and my loving-kindness are with him,+ And in my name his horn is exalted.+ 25 And on the sea I have put his hand+ And on the rivers his right hand.+ 26 He himself calls out to me, ‘You are my Father,+ My God+ and the Rock of my salvation.’+ 27 Also, I myself shall place him as firstborn,+ The most high of the kings of the earth.+ 28 To time indefinite I shall preserve my loving-kindness toward him,+ And my covenant will be faithful* to him.+ 29 And I shall certainly set up his seed forever+ And his throne as the days of heaven.+ 30 If his sons leave my law+ And in my judicial decisions they do not walk,+ 31 If they profane my own statutes And they do not keep my own commandments, 32 I must also turn my attention to their transgression even with a rod+ And to their error even with strokes.+ 33 But my loving-kindness* I shall not break off from him,+ Nor shall I prove false with regard to my faithfulness.+ 34 I shall not profane my covenant,+ And the expression out of my lips I shall not change.+ 35 Once I have sworn in my holiness,+ To David I will not tell lies.+ 36 His seed itself will prove to be even to time indefinite,+ And his throne as the sun in front of me.+ 37 As the moon it will be firmly established for time indefinite, And [as] a faithful witness in the skies.” Seʹlah. 38 But you—you have cast off and you keep contemning;+ You have become furious toward your anointed one.*+ 39 You have spurned the covenant of your servant; You have profaned his diadem to the very earth.+ 40 You have broken down all his stone pens;+ You have laid his fortifications in ruin.+ 41 All those passing along the way have pillaged him;+ He has become a reproach to his neighbors.+ 42 You have exalted the right hand of his adversaries;+ You have caused all his enemies to rejoice.+ 43 What is more, you again treat his sword as a foe,+ And you have caused him not to gain ground in the battle.+ 44 You have made [him] cease from his luster,+ And his throne you have hurled to the very earth.+ 45 You have shortened the days of his youth; You have enwrapped him with shame.+ Seʹlah. 46 How long, O Jehovah, will you keep yourself concealed? For all time?+ Will your rage keep on burning just like a fire?+ 47 Remember of what duration of life I am.+ Is it all in vain that you have created all the sons of men?*+ 48 What able-bodied man is there alive who will not see death?+ Can he provide escape for his soul from the hand of Sheʹol?+ Seʹlah. 49 Where are your former acts of loving-kindness, O Jehovah,* About which you swore to David in your faithfulness?+ 50 Remember, O Jehovah,* the reproach upon your servants,+ My carrying in my bosom [the reproach of] all the many peoples,+ 51 How your enemies have reproached, O Jehovah,*+ How they have reproached the footprints of your anointed one.+ 52 Blessed be Jehovah* to time indefinite. Amen and Amen.+
^ See 32:Sup ftn.
^ Or, “loyal love.”
^ Lit., “cut.”
^ Or, “offspring.”
^ “In the congregation of.” Heb., biq·halʹ; Gr., ek·kle·siʹai; Lat., ec·cleʹsi·a.
^ “God.” Heb., ʼE·limʹ, pl. of ʼEl, to denote majesty or excellence; Gr., The·ouʹ; Lat., Deʹi; TSy, “angels.” Compare Job 1:6 ftns, “Sons” and “God”; Job 38:7 ftn.
^ Or, “The Divine One.” Heb., ʼEl.
^ See 68:4 ftn.
^ Or, “the Stormer.” T, “the arrogant one, that is, impious Pharaoh”; LXXVg, “the arrogant (haughty) one.”
^ “The productive land.” Heb., te·velʹ; LXX, “the inhabited earth”; Lat., orʹbem terʹrae, “the circle of the earth.”
^ “South.” Lit., “right [side],” as one faces east.
^ Or, “and truthfulness (truth).” Heb., we·ʼemethʹ.
^ Or, “lasting.”
^ Or, “loyal love.”
^ “Your anointed one.” Heb., meshi·cheʹkha; T(Aram.)Syr., dam·shi·chakh; Gr., khri·stonʹ; Lat., chriʹstum.
^ Lit., “earthling man.” Heb., ʼa·dhamʹ.
^ One of 134 scribal changes from YHWH to ʼAdho·naiʹ. See App 1B, 1C §10.
^ See 90:1 ftn.
^ See App 1C §10.
^ See App 1C §10.