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א [ʼAʹleph]* 119 * Happy are the ones faultless in [their] way,+The ones walking in the law of Jehovah.+ 2 Happy are those observing his reminders;+With all the heart they keep searching for him.+ 3 Really they have practiced no unrighteousness.+In his ways they have walked.+ 4 You yourself have commandingly given your orders+To be carefully kept.+ 5 O that my ways were firmly established+To keep your regulations!+ 6 In that case I should not be ashamed,+When I look to all your commandments.+ 7 I shall laud you in uprightness of heart,+When I learn your righteous judicial decisions.+ 8 Your regulations I continue to keep.+O do not leave me entirely.+ ב [Behth]* 9 How will a young man+ cleanse his path?By keeping on guard according to your word.*+ 10 With my whole heart I have searched for you.+Do not cause me to go astray from your commandments.+ 11 In my heart I have treasured up* your saying,+In order that I may not sin against you.+ 12 Blessed you are, O Jehovah.Teach me your regulations.+ 13 With my lips I have declared+All the judicial decisions of your mouth.+ 14 In the way of your reminders I have exulted,+Just as over all other valuable things.*+ 15 With your orders I will concern myself,+And I will look to your paths.+ 16 For your statutes I shall show a fondness.+I shall not forget your word.+ ג [Giʹmel]* 17 Act appropriately toward your servant, that I may live+And that I may keep your word.+ 18 Uncover my eyes, that I may look+At the wonderful things out of your law.+ 19 I am but an alien resident in the land.+Do not conceal from me your commandments.+ 20 My soul is crushed with longing+For your judicial decisions all the time.+ 21 You have rebuked the cursed presumptuous ones,+Who are straying from your commandments.+ 22 Roll off me reproach and contempt,+For I have observed your own reminders.+ 23 Even princes have sat; against me they have spoken with one another.+As for your servant, he concerns himself with your regulations.+ 24 Also, your reminders are what I am fond of,+As men of my counsel.+ ד [Daʹleth]* 25 My soul has been cleaving to the very dust.+Preserve me alive* according to your word.+ 26 I have declared my own ways, that you may answer me.+Teach me your regulations.+ 27 Make me understand the way of your own orders,+That I may concern myself with your wonderful works.+ 28 My soul has been sleepless from grief.+Raise me up according to your word.+ 29 Remove from me even the false way,+And favor me with your own law.+ 30 The way of faithfulness I have chosen.+Your judicial decisions I have considered appropriate.+ 31 I have cleaved to your reminders.+O Jehovah, do not put me to shame.+ 32 I shall run the very way of your commandments,+Because you make my heart have the room.*+ ה [Heʼ]* 33 Instruct me, O Jehovah, in the way of your regulations,+That I may observe it down to the last.+ 34 Make me understand, that I may observe your law+And that I may keep it with the whole heart.+ 35 Cause me to tread in the pathway of your commandments,+For in it I have taken delight.+ 36 Incline my heart to your reminders,+And not to profits.*+ 37 Make my eyes pass on from seeing what is worthless;+Preserve me alive in your own way.+ 38 Carry out to your servant your saying+That [tends] to the fear of you.+ 39 Make my reproach pass away, of which I have been scared,+For your judicial decisions are good.+ 40 Look! I have longed for your orders.+In your righteousness preserve me alive.+ ו [Waw]* 41 And may your loving-kindnesses* come to me, O Jehovah,+Your salvation according to your saying,+ 42 That I may answer the one reproaching me with a word,+For I have trusted in your word.+ 43 And do not take away from my mouth the word of truth entirely,+For I have waited for your own judicial decision.+ 44 And I will keep your law constantly,+To time indefinite, even forever.+ 45 And I will walk about in a roomy place,+For I have searched even for your orders.+ 46 I will also speak about your reminders in front of kings,+And I shall not be ashamed.+ 47 And I shall show a fondness for your commandments+That I have loved.+ 48 And I shall raise my palms to your commandments that I have loved,+And I will concern myself with your regulations.+ ז [Zaʹyin]* 49 Remember the word to your servant,+For which you have made me wait.+ 50 This is my comfort in my affliction,+For your own saying has preserved me alive.+ 51 The presumptuous ones themselves have derided me to the extreme.+From your law I have not deviated.+ 52 I have remembered your judicial decisions from time indefinite, O Jehovah,+And I find comfort for myself.+ 53 A raging heat itself has taken hold of me because of the wicked,+Who are leaving your law.+ 54 Melodies your regulations have become to me+In the house of my alien residences.+ 55 In the night I have remembered your name, O Jehovah,+That I may keep your law.+ 56 Even this has become mine,Because your orders I have observed.+ ח [Chehth]* 57 Jehovah is my share;+I have promised to keep your words.+ 58 I have softened your face with all [my] heart.+Show me favor according to your saying.+ 59 I have considered my ways,+That I may turn back my feet to your reminders.+ 60 I hurried up, and I did not delay+To keep your commandments.+ 61 The very ropes of the wicked ones surrounded me.+Your law I did not forget.+ 62 At midnight I get up to give thanks to you+For your righteous judicial decisions.+ 63 A partner I am of all those who do fear you,+And of those keeping your orders.+ 64 Your loving-kindness,* O Jehovah, has filled the earth.+Teach me your own regulations.+ ט [Tehth]* 65 You have dealt well indeed with your servant,+O Jehovah, according to your word.+ 66 Teach me goodness,+ sensibleness+ and knowledge themselves,+For in your commandments I have exercised faith.+ 67 Before I was under affliction I was sinning by mistake,+But now I have kept your very saying.+ 68 You are good and are doing good.+Teach me your regulations.+ 69 The presumptuous have smeared me with falsehood.+As for me, with all [my] heart I shall observe your orders.+ 70 Their heart has become unfeeling just like fat.+I, for my part, have been fond of your own law.+ 71 It is good for me that I have been afflicted,+In order that I may learn your regulations.+ 72 The law+ of your mouth is good for me,+More so than thousands of pieces of gold and silver.+ י [Yohdh]* 73 Your own hands have made me, and they proceeded to fix me solidly.+Make me understand, that I may learn your commandments.+ 74 Those fearing you are the ones that see me and rejoice,+For I have waited for your own word.+ 75 I well know, O Jehovah, that your judicial decisions are righteousness+And that with faithfulness you have afflicted me.+ 76 May your loving-kindness serve, please, to comfort me,+According to your saying to your servant.+ 77 Let your mercies come to me, that I may keep living;+For your law is what I am fond of.+ 78 Let the presumptuous ones be ashamed, for without cause* they have misled me.+As for me, I concern myself with your orders.+ 79 Let those fearing you turn back to me,+Those also knowing your reminders.*+ 80 Let my heart prove faultless in your regulations,+In order that I may not be ashamed.+ כ [Kaph]* 81 For your salvation my soul has pined away;+For your word I have waited.+ 82 My eyes have pined away for your saying,+While I say: “When will you comfort me?”+ 83 For I have become like a skin bottle+ in the smoke.Your regulations I have not forgotten.+ 84 How many are the days of your servant?+When will you execute judgment against those persecuting me?+ 85 The presumptuous have excavated pitfalls to get me,+Those who are not in accord with your law.+ 86 All your commandments are faithfulness itself.+Without cause they have persecuted me. O help me.+ 87 In a little while they would have exterminated me in the earth;+But I myself did not leave your orders.+ 88 According to your loving-kindness preserve me alive,+That I may keep the reminder of your mouth.+ ל [Laʹmedh]* 89 To time indefinite, O Jehovah,+Your word is stationed in the heavens.*+ 90 Your faithfulness is for generation after generation.*+You have solidly fixed the earth, that it may keep standing.+ 91 According to your judicial decisions they have stood [till] today,+For they are all your servants.+ 92 If your law had not been what I am fond of,+Then I should have perished in my affliction.+ 93 To time indefinite I shall not forget your orders,+Because by them you have preserved me alive.+ 94 I am yours. O save me,+Because I have searched for your own orders.+ 95 For me the wicked have waited, to destroy me.+To your reminders I keep showing myself attentive.+ 96 To all perfection I have seen an end.+Your commandment is very broad. מ [Mem]* 97 How I do love your law!+All day long it is my concern.+ 98 Wiser than my enemies your commandment makes me,*+Because to time indefinite it is mine.+ 99 More insight than all my teachers I have come to have,+Because your reminders are a concern to me.+ 100 With more understanding than older men I behave,+Because I have observed your own orders.+ 101 From every bad path I have restrained my feet,+For the purpose that I may keep your word.+ 102 From your judicial decisions I have not turned aside,+For you yourself have instructed me.+ 103 How smooth to my palate your sayings* have been,More so than honey to my mouth!+ 104 Owing to your orders I behave with understanding.+That is why I have hated every false path.+ נ [Nun]* 105 Your word is a lamp to my foot,*+And a light to my roadway.+ 106 I have made a sworn statement, and I will carry it out,+To keep your righteous judicial decisions.+ 107 I have been afflicted to a great extent.+O Jehovah, preserve me alive according to your word.+ 108 Please take pleasure in the voluntary offerings of my mouth, O Jehovah,+And teach me your own judicial decisions.+ 109 My soul is in my palm constantly;+But your law I have not forgotten.+ 110 The wicked have set a trap for me,+But from your orders I have not wandered.+ 111 I have taken your reminders as a possession to time indefinite,+For they are the exultation of my heart.+ 112 I have inclined my heart to do your regulations+To time indefinite, down to the last.+ ס [Saʹmekh]* 113 The halfhearted ones I have hated,+But your law I have loved.+ 114 You are my place of concealment and my shield.+For your word I have waited.+ 115 Get away from me, YOU evildoers,+That I may observe the commandments of my God.+ 116 Support me according to your saying, that I may keep living,+And do not put me to shame for my hope.+ 117 Sustain me, that I may be saved,+And I shall gaze upon your regulations constantly.+ 118 You have tossed away all those straying from your regulations;+For their trickiness is falsehood.+ 119 As scummy dross you have made all the wicked ones of the earth to cease.+Therefore I have loved your reminders.+ 120 From the dread of you my flesh has had a creepy feeling;+And because of your judicial decisions I have been afraid.+ ע [ʽAʹyin]* 121 I have executed judgment* and righteousness.+O do not abandon me to those defrauding me!+ 122 Act as a surety for your servant for what is good.+May the presumptuous ones not defraud me.+ 123 My very eyes have pined away for your salvation+And for your righteous saying.+ 124 Do with your servant according to your loving-kindness,+And teach me your own regulations.+ 125 I am your servant.+ Make me understand,+That I may know your reminders.+ 126 It is the time for Jehovah to act.+They have broken your law.+ 127 That is why I have loved your commandments+More than gold, even refined gold.+ 128 That is why I have considered all orders regarding all things to be right;+Every false path I have hated.+ פ [Peʼ]* 129 Your reminders are wonderful.+That is why my soul has observed them.+ 130 The very disclosure of your words gives light,+Making the inexperienced ones understand.+ 131 My mouth I have opened wide, that I may pant,+Because for your commandments I have longed.+ 132 Turn to me and show me favor,+According to [your] judicial decision* toward those loving your name.+ 133 Fix my own steps solidly in your saying,+And may no kind of hurtful thing domineer over me.+ 134 Redeem me from any defrauder of mankind,*+And I will keep your orders.+ 135 Make your own face shine upon your servant,+And teach me your regulations.+ 136 Streams of water have run down my eyes+Over the fact that they have not kept your law.+ צ [Tsa·dhehʹ]* 137 You are righteous, O Jehovah,+And your judicial decisions are upright.+ 138 You have commanded your reminders+ in righteousnessAnd in exceeding faithfulness.+ 139 My ardor has made an end of me,+Because my adversaries have forgotten your words.+ 140 Your saying is very much refined,+And your own servant loves it.+ 141 I am insignificant and contemptible.+Your orders I have not forgotten.+ 142 Your righteousness is a righteousness to time indefinite,+And your law is truth.+ 143 Distress and difficulty themselves found me.+Your commandments I was fond of.+ 144 The righteousness of your reminders is to time indefinite.+Make me understand, that I may keep living.+ ק [Qohph]* 145 I have called with [my] whole heart.+ Answer me, O Jehovah.+Your regulations I will observe.+ 146 I have called upon you. O save me!+And I will keep your reminders.+ 147 I have been up early in the morning twilight,+ that I may cry for help.+For your words I have waited.+ 148 My eyes have been ahead of the night watches,+[For me] to concern myself with your saying.+ 149 O do hear my own voice according to your loving-kindness.+O Jehovah, according to your judicial decision preserve me alive.+ 150 Those in pursuit of loose conduct*+ have come near;*They have got far away from your own law.+ 151 You are near, O Jehovah,+And all your commandments are truth.+ 152 Long ago I have known some of your reminders,+For to time indefinite you have founded them.+ ר [Rehsh]* 153 O see my affliction, and rescue me;+For I have not forgotten your own law.+ 154 O do conduct my legal case and recover me;+Preserve me alive in agreement with your saying.+ 155 Salvation is far away from the wicked ones,+For they have not searched for your own regulations.+ 156 Many are your mercies, O Jehovah.+According to your judicial decisions, O preserve me alive.+ 157 My persecutors and my adversaries are many.+From your reminders I have not deviated.+ 158 I have seen those who are treacherous in dealing,+And I do feel a loathing, because they have not kept your own saying.+ 159 O see that I have loved your own orders.+O Jehovah, according to your loving-kindness preserve me alive.+ 160 The substance* of your word is truth,+And every righteous judicial decision of yours is to time indefinite.+ ש [Sin] or [Shin]* 161 Princes themselves have persecuted me for no cause,+But my heart has been in dread of your own words.+ 162 I am exulting over your saying+Just as one does when finding much spoil.+ 163 Falsehood I have hated,+ and I do keep detesting it.+Your law I have loved.+ 164 Seven times in the day I have praised you+Because of your righteous judicial decisions.+ 165 Abundant peace belongs to those loving your law,+And for them there is no stumbling block.+ 166 I have hoped for your salvation, O Jehovah,+And I have done your own commandments.+ 167 My soul has kept your reminders,+And I love them exceedingly.+ 168 I have kept your orders and your reminders,+For all my ways are in front of you.+ ת [Taw]* 169 May my entreating cry come near before you, O Jehovah.+According to your word, O make me understand.+ 170 May my request for favor enter in before you.+According to your saying, O deliver me.+ 171 May my lips bubble forth praise,+For you teach me your regulations.+ 172 May my tongue sing forth your saying,+For all your commandments are righteousness.+ 173 May your hand serve to help me,+Because your orders I have chosen.+ 174 I have longed for your salvation, O Jehovah,+And your law I am fond of.+ 175 May my soul keep living and praising you,+And may your own judicial decisions help me.+ 176 I have wandered like a lost sheep.+ O look for your servant,+For I have not forgotten your own commandments.*+
^ In this opening section each vs begins with the first letter of the Heb. alphabet, ʼAʹleph. It is generally unpronounced and is transliterated as a single closing quote or raised comma ( ʼ ).
^ This is an acrostic, or alphabetic, psalm with 22 sections to correspond to the 22 letters of the Heb. alphabet; each section contains eight vss.
^ In this second section each vs begins with the second letter of the Heb. alphabet, Behth, English “B.”
^ Or, “cleanse his path so as to keep on guard according to your word?”
^ Or, “I have concealed.”
^ “More than over all other riches,” Sy.
^ In this third section each vs begins with the third letter of the Heb. alphabet, Giʹmel, English “G.”
^ In this fourth section each vs begins with the fourth letter of the Heb. alphabet, Daʹleth, English “D.”
^ Or, “Bring me to life.”
^ Or, “confidence; courage.”
^ In this fifth section each vs begins with the fifth letter of the Heb. alphabet, Heʼ, English “H.”
^ Or, “unjust profit.”
^ In this sixth section each vs begins with the sixth letter of the Heb. alphabet, Waw, English “W.”
^ “Loving-kindnesses,” TSy and many Heb. mss; M, “loving-kindness,” but with a pl. verb.
^ In this seventh section each vs begins with the seventh letter of the Heb. alphabet, Zaʹyin, English “Z.”
^ In this eighth section each vs begins with the eighth letter of the Heb. alphabet, Chehth, transliterated into English as ch and pronounced with a strongly guttural sound.
^ Or, “loyal love.”
^ In this ninth section each vs begins with the ninth letter of the Heb. alphabet, Tehth, English “T,” pronounced emphatically.
^ In this tenth section each vs begins with the tenth letter of the Heb. alphabet, Yohdh, English “Y.”
^ “Without cause.” Lit., “[with] falsehood.”
^ According to MmarginTLXXSy and many Heb. mss; M, “that they may know your reminders.”
^ In this 11th section each vs begins with the 11th letter of the Heb. alphabet, Kaph, English “K.”
^ In this 12th section each vs begins with the 12th letter of the Heb. alphabet, Laʹmedh, English “L.”
^ “You are to time indefinite, O Jehovah; your word is stationed in the heavens,” Sy.
^ “For generation after generation.” Or, “to all generations.” Heb., ledhorʹ wa·dhorʹ.
^ In this 13th section each vs begins with the 13th letter of the Heb. alphabet, Mem, English “M.”
^ According to one Heb. ms, because of the sing. Heb. verb. M, in agreement with LXXVg, “Wiser than my enemies you make me [by] your commandments.”
^ “Sayings,” TLXXSyVg and five Heb. mss; M, “saying,” but the verb is pl.
^ In this 14th section each vs begins with the 14th letter of the Heb. alphabet, Nun, English “N.”
^ “Foot,” M; LXXSyVg and one Heb. ms, “feet.”
^ In this 15th section each vs begins with the 15th letter of the Heb. alphabet, Saʹmekh, English “S.”
^ In this 16th section each vs begins with the 16th letter of the Heb. alphabet, ʽAʹyin, which has a peculiar guttural sound. It is transliterated as ( ʽ ).
^ Or, “judicial decision.”
^ In this 17th section each vs begins with the 17th letter of the Heb. alphabet, Peʼ, English “P.”
^ Or, “[your] custom.”
^ “Mankind.” Heb., ʼa·dhamʹ.
^ In this 18th section each vs begins with the 18th letter of the Heb. alphabet, Tsa·dhehʹ, English ts sound.
^ In this 19th section each vs begins with the 19th letter of the Heb. alphabet, Qohph, transliterated into English as “Q,” pronounced like a strong English “K” formed at the back of the palate.
^ According to MT; LXXSyVg and by a slight correction of M, “Those persecuting me have drawn near to loose conduct.”
^ In this 20th section each vs begins with the 20th letter of the Heb. alphabet, Rehsh, English “R.”
^ Or, “sum.”
^ In this 21st section each vs begins with the 21st letter of the Heb. alphabet, Sin or Shin, English s or sh sound.
^ In this 22nd section each vs begins with the 22nd and last letter of the Heb. alphabet, Taw, English “T.”
^ Except for vss 90 and 122, every vs of this alphabetic psalm contains one or more of the following ten expressions: WAY(S), 13 times (X); REMINDER(S), 23X; ORDERS, 21X; COMMANDMENT(S), 22X; SAYING(S), 19X; LAW, 25X; JUDICIAL DECISION(S) or JUDGMENT, 23X; RIGHT or RIGHTEOUS(NESS), 15X; REGULATIONS or STATUTES, 22X, and WORD(S), 24X. Also in each of the 22 sections the eight leading legal terms of Ps 19:7-14 occur, namely, LAW, REMINDER, ORDERS, COMMANDMENT, FEAR, JUDICIAL DECISIONS, RIGHTEOUS and SAYINGS.