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Jehovah’s Witnesses


Online Bible


1 Kings 1:1-53

1  Now King* David was old,+ advanced in days; and they would cover him with garments, but he would not feel warm.  So his servants said to him: “Let them look for a girl, a virgin,+ for my lord the king, and she will have to attend+ upon the king, that she may become his nurse;+ and she must lie in your bosom,+ and my lord the king will certainly feel warm.”+  And they* went looking for a beautiful girl throughout all the territory of Israel, and finally found Ab′i·shag+ the Shu′nam·mite+ and then brought her in to the king.  And the girl was beautiful in the extreme;+ and she came to be the king’s nurse and kept waiting upon him, and the king himself had no intercourse with her.  All the while Ad·o·ni′jah+ the son of Hag′gith+ was lifting himself up,+ saying: “I myself am going to rule as king!”+ And he proceeded to have a chariot made for himself with horsemen and fifty men running before him.+  And his father did not hurt his feelings at any time* by saying: “Why is this the way you have done?”+ And he was also very good-looking in form,+ and [his mother]* had borne him after Ab′sa·lom.  And he came to have dealings with Jo′ab the son of Ze·ru′iah and with A·bi′a·thar+ the priest, and they began offering help as followers of Ad·o·ni′jah.+  As for Za′dok+ the priest and Be·nai′ah*+ the son of Je·hoi′a·da and Nathan+ the prophet and Shim′e·i+ and Re′i and the mighty men+ that belonged to David, they did not become involved+ with Ad·o·ni′jah.*  Eventually Ad·o·ni′jah held a sacrifice+ of sheep and cattle and fatlings close by the stone of Zo′he·leth,* which is beside En-ro′gel,+ and he proceeded to invite all his brothers the king’s sons+ and all the men of Judah the king’s servants; 10  and Nathan the prophet and Be·nai′ah and the mighty men and Sol′o·mon his brother he did not invite. 11  Nathan+ now said to Bath-she′ba,+ Sol′o·mon’s mother:+ “Have you not heard that Ad·o·ni′jah the son of Hag′gith+ has become king, and our lord* David does not know of it at all? 12  So now come, let me, please, solemnly counsel you.+ And provide escape for your own soul and for the soul of your son Sol′o·mon.+ 13  Go and enter in to King David, and you must say to him, ‘Was it not you, my lord the king, that swore to your slave girl, saying: “Sol′o·mon your son is the one that will become king after me, and he is the one that will sit upon my throne”?+ So why has Ad·o·ni′jah become king?’ 14  Look! While you are yet speaking there with the king, then I myself shall come in after you, and I shall certainly confirm your words.”+ 15  Accordingly Bath-she′ba went in to the king in the interior+ room, and the king was very old,+ and Ab′i·shag+ the Shu′nam·mite was waiting upon the king. 16  Then Bath-she′ba bowed low and prostrated+ herself to the king, upon which the king said: “What do you have [to ask]?”+ 17  At this she said to him: “My lord,+ it was you that swore by Jehovah your God to your slave girl, ‘Sol′o·mon your son is the one that will become king after me, and he is the one that will sit upon my throne.’+ 18  And now, look! Ad·o·ni′jah+ himself has become king, and now my lord the king himself does not know of it at all.+ 19  So he sacrificed bulls and fatlings and sheep in great quantity and invited all the sons of the king+ and A·bi′a·thar+ the priest and Jo′ab+ the chief of the army; but Sol′o·mon your servant he has not invited.+ 20  And you my lord the king—the eyes+ of all Israel are upon you, to tell them who is going to sit upon the throne of my lord the king after him.+ 21  And it will certainly occur that as soon as my lord the king lies down with his forefathers,+ I myself and also my son Sol′o·mon shall certainly become offenders.” 22  And, look! while she was yet speaking with the king, Nathan the prophet himself came in.+ 23  At once they told the king, saying: “Here is Nathan the prophet!” After that he came in before the king and prostrated himself to the king with his face to the earth.+ 24  Then Nathan said: “My lord the king, did you yourself say, ‘Ad·o·ni′jah is the one that will become king after me, and he is the one that will sit upon my throne’?+ 25  For he has today gone down that he might sacrifice+ bulls and fatlings and sheep in great quantity and might invite all the sons of the king and the chiefs of the army and A·bi′a·thar the priest;+ and there they are eating and drinking before him and they keep saying, ‘Let King Ad·o·ni′jah live!’+ 26  But as for me your servant, me and Za′dok+ the priest and Be·nai′ah+ the son of Je·hoi′a·da and Sol′o·mon your servant he has not invited.+ 27  If it is from my lord the king that this thing has been brought about, then you have not caused your servant to know+ who should sit upon the throne of my lord the king after him.” 28  King David now answered and said: “YOU men, call Bath-she′ba+ for me.” At that she came in before the king and stood before the king. 29  And the king proceeded to swear+ and say: “As Jehovah is living+ who redeemed+ my soul+ out of all distress,+ 30  just as I have sworn to you by Jehovah the God of Israel, saying, ‘Sol′o·mon your son is the one that will become king after me, and he is the one that will sit upon my throne in place of me!’ that is the way I shall do this day.”+ 31  Then Bath-she′ba bowed low with her face to the earth and prostrated+ herself to the king and said: “Let my lord King David live to time indefinite!”+ 32  Immediately King David said: “YOU men, call for me Za′dok+ the priest and Nathan the prophet and Be·nai′ah+ the son of Je·hoi′a·da.” So they came in before the king. 33  And the king went on to say to them: “Take with YOU the servants+ of YOUR lord,* and YOU must make Sol′o·mon my son ride upon the she-mule that belongs to me+ and lead him down to Gi′hon.+ 34  And Za′dok the priest and Nathan the prophet must anoint+ him there as king over Israel; and YOU must blow the horn+ and say, ‘Let King Sol′o·mon live!’+ 35  And YOU must come up following him, and he must come in and sit upon my throne; and he himself will be king in place of me, and him I shall have to commission to become leader over Israel and over Judah.” 36  At once Be·nai′ah the son of Je·hoi′a·da answered the king and said: “Amen!*+ Thus may Jehovah the God of my lord the king say.*+ 37  Just as Jehovah proved to be with my lord the king,+ so let him prove to be with Sol′o·mon,+ and may he make his throne greater+ than the throne of my lord King David.” 38  And Za′dok+ the priest and Nathan+ the prophet and Be·nai′ah+ the son of Je·hoi′a·da and the Cher′e·thites+ and the Pel′e·thites+ proceeded to go down and make Sol′o·mon ride upon the she-mule of King David,+ and then brought him to Gi′hon.+ 39  Za′dok the priest now took the horn of oil+ out of the tent+ and anointed+ Sol′o·mon; and they began to blow the horn, and all the people broke out saying: “Let King Sol′o·mon live!”+ 40  After that all the people came on up following him, and the people were playing on flutes+ and rejoicing with great joy,+ so that the earth+ was split by the noise of them. 41  And Ad·o·ni′jah and all the ones invited that were with him got to hear it, when they themselves had finished eating.+ When Jo′ab got to hear the sound of the horn, he at once said: “What does the noise of the town in an uproar+ mean?” 42  While he was yet speaking, why, here Jon′a·than+ the son of A·bi′a·thar the priest came. Then Ad·o·ni′jah said: “Come on in, for you are a valiant man, and you bring good news.”+ 43  But Jon′a·than answered and said to Ad·o·ni′jah: “No! Our lord* King David himself has made Sol′o·mon king.+ 44  So the king sent with him Za′dok the priest and Nathan the prophet and Be·nai′ah the son of Je·hoi′a·da and the Cher′e·thites and the Pel′e·thites, and they made him ride upon the she-mule of the king.+ 45  Then Za′dok the priest and Nathan the prophet anointed him as king+ in Gi′hon; after which they came up from there rejoicing, and the town is in an uproar. That was the noise that YOU men heard.+ 46  And, besides, Sol′o·mon has sat down upon the throne of the kingship.+ 47  And, another thing, the servants of the king have come in to wish our lord King David well, saying, ‘May your God* make Sol′o·mon’s name more splendid than your name, and may he make his throne greater than your throne!’+ At that the king bowed down upon the bed.+ 48  And too this is what the king said, ‘Blessed+ be Jehovah the God of Israel, who has today given one to sit upon my throne, with my own eyes seeing it!’”+ 49  And all those invited that were with Ad·o·ni′jah began to tremble and rise up and go each one on his own way.+ 50  And Ad·o·ni′jah himself was afraid because of Sol′o·mon. So he rose up and went away and grabbed hold of the horns of the altar.+ 51  In time the report was made to Sol′o·mon, saying: “Here Ad·o·ni′jah himself has become afraid of King Sol′o·mon; and here he has taken hold on the horns of the altar, saying, ‘Let King Sol′o·mon first of all swear to me that he will not put his servant to death by the sword.’” 52  To this Sol′o·mon said: “If he will become a valiant man, there will not fall a single hair+ of his to the earth; but if what is bad should be found in him,+ he will also have to die.”+ 53  So King Sol′o·mon sent and they brought him down from off the altar. Then he came in and bowed down to King Sol′o·mon; after which Sol′o·mon said to him: “Go to your own house.”+


Lit., “Now the King.” Heb., weham·me′lekh, sing.
Not referring to the “servants” in vs 2, but to those sent out to search.
Or, “all his life.” Lit., “from his days (years).”
Lit., “she.”
“And Benaiah.” Heb., u·Vena·ya′hu.
“Adonijah.” Heb., ʼAdho·ni·ya′hu.
Or, “the Gliding Stone.”
“And our lord.” Heb., wa·ʼadho·neh′nu, pl. of ʼa·dhohn′, to denote excellence. See Ge 39:2 ftn.
See vs 11 ftn.
Or, “So let it be!” Heb., ʼa·men′.
“Say,” MVg; Sy and two Heb. mss, “do.”
See vs 11 ftn.
“Your God,” M; MmarginLXXVg, “God”; Sy, “Jehovah your God.”