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Downloadable Resources

The documents below contain resources, tools, and support for health-care professionals to facilitate the care of patients who are Jehovah’s Witnesses.


Clinical Strategies to Avoid Blood Transfusion

An overview of safe and effective transfusion-alternative strategies applicable to surgical patients. These strategies involve the use of multiple patient-specific modalities throughout the perioperative period.

Hospital Liaison Committees for Jehovah’s Witnesses

Jehovah’s Witnesses have established a global network to support clinicians treating Witness patients. This document outlines the services available to clinicians and institutions.

Religious and Ethical Position on Medical Therapy and Related Matters

A summary of the official position of Jehovah’s Witnesses on health care, on the use of their own blood in the course of procedures, and on the clinical use of derivatives of primary blood components.

Clinical Strategies for Avoiding Blood Transfusion in Surgical Patients

A compendium of blood conservation strategies that, in combination with current citations on this website, can be used to preempt allogeneic blood transfusion in surgical patients. This document contains links to more than 500 peer-reviewed references.

Clinical Strategies for Avoiding Blood Transfusion in Obstetrics and Gynecology

An information summary of strategies for the care of obstetrical and gynecological patients without blood transfusion. This document can be used to facilitate planning for the prevention and management of postpartum hemorrhage. It contains links to hundreds of references.

Clinical Strategies for Managing Acute Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage Without Blood Transfusion

A concise outline of clinical management strategies for managing acute upper and lower gastrointestinal bleeding without allogeneic blood transfusion. This document contains links to more than 500 authoritative references in peer-reviewed medical literature.

Clinical Strategies for Avoiding Blood Transfusion in Critically Ill Patients

This document combines evidence-based strategies and expert opinion on the management of critically ill patients without the use of allogeneic blood transfusion. It includes links to more than 500 references in peer-reviewed medical literature.

The medical section of is designed as an informational resource primarily for use by clinicians and other health-care professionals. It provides neither medical advice nor treatment recommendations and does not substitute for an appropriately qualified health-care provider. The clinical literature cited is not published by Jehovah’s Witnesses, but it outlines transfusion-alternative strategies that might be considered. It is the responsibility of each qualified health-care provider to maintain awareness of new information, discuss options for care, and assist patients in making choices in accord with their medical condition, wishes, values, and beliefs. Not all listed strategies are appropriate or acceptable to all patients.

Patients: Always seek the advice of your doctor or other qualified health-care provider regarding medical conditions or treatments. Check with a doctor if you suspect you are ill.

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