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Jehovah’s Witnesses


Neonatal Medicine

Delayed Cord Clamping

Umbilical cord milking reduces need for red cell transfusions and improves neonatal adaptation in preterm infants: meta-analysis.

Dang D, Zhang C, Shi S, Mu X, Lv X, Wu H

Source‎: J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2015;41(6):890-5.

Indexed‎: PubMed 25656528

DOI‎: 10.1111/jog.12657

Effect of delayed cord clamping on very preterm infants.

Chiruvolu A, Tolia VN, Qin H, Stone GL, Rich D, Conant RJ, Inzer RW

Source‎: Am J Obstet Gynecol 2015;213(5):676.e1-7.

Indexed‎: PubMed 26196456

DOI‎: 10.1016/j.ajog.2015.07.016

Effect of gravity on volume of placental transfusion: a multicentre, randomised, non-inferiority trial.

Vain NE, Satragno DS, Gorenstein AN, Gordillo JE, Berazategui JP, Alda MG, Prudent LM.

Source‎: Lancet 2014;384(9939):235-40.

Indexed‎: PubMed 24746755

DOI‎: 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60197-5

Placental transfusion strategies in very preterm neonates: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Backes CH, Rivera BK, Haque U, Bridge JA, Smith CV, Hutchon DJ, Mercer JS.

Source‎: Obstet Gynecol 2014;124(1):47-56.

Indexed‎: PubMed 24901269

DOI‎: 10.1097/AOG.0000000000000324

Effect of timing of umbilical cord clamping of term infants on maternal and neonatal outcomes.

McDonald SJ, Middleton P, Dowswell T, Morris PS.

Source‎: Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2013;(7):CD004074.

Indexed‎: PubMed 23843134

DOI‎: 10.1002/14651858.CD004074.pub3

Committee Opinion No.543: Timing of umbilical cord clamping after birth.

Committee on Obstetric Practice, American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.

Source‎: Obstet Gynecol 2012;120(6):1522-6.

Indexed‎: PubMed 23168790

DOI‎: 10.1097/01.AOG.0000423817.47165.48

Effect of timing of umbilical cord clamping and other strategies to influence placental transfusion at preterm birth on maternal and infant outcomes.

Rabe H, Diaz-Rossello JL, Duley L, Dowswell T.

Source‎: Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2012;(8):CD003248.

Indexed‎: PubMed 22895933

DOI‎: 10.1002/14651858.CD003248.pub3

Early versus delayed cord clamping in term and preterm births: a review.

Garofalo M, Abenhaim HA.

Source‎: J Obstet Gynaecol Can 2012;34(6):525-31.

Indexed‎: PubMed 22673168

Umbilical cord milking stabilizes cerebral oxygenation and perfusion in infants born before 29 weeks of gestation.

Takami T, Suganami Y, Sunohara D, Kondo A, Mizukaki N, Fujioka T, Hoshika A, Akutagawa O, Isaka K.

Source‎: J Pediatr 2012;161(4):742-7.

Indexed‎: PubMed 22578578

DOI‎: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2012.03.053

Umbilical cord milking in term infants delivered by cesarean section: a randomized controlled trial.

Erickson-Owens DA, Mercer JS, Oh W.

Source‎: J Perinatol 2012;32(8):580-4.

Indexed‎: PubMed 22094494

DOI‎: 10.1038/jp.2011.159

Effect of delayed versus early umbilical cord clamping on neonatal outcomes and iron status at 4 months: a randomised controlled trial.

Andersson O, Hellström-Westas L, Andersson D, Domellöf M.

Source‎: BMJ 2011;343:d7157.

Indexed‎: PubMed 22089242

DOI‎: 10.1136/bmj.d7157

Effects of delayed cord clamping in very-low-birth-weight infants.

Oh W, Fanaroff AA, Carlo WA, Donovan EF, McDonald SA, Poole WK; Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network.

Source‎: J Perinatol 2011;31 Suppl 1:S68-71.

Indexed‎: PubMed 21448208

DOI‎: 10.1038/jp.2010.186

Umbilical cord milking reduces the need for red cell transfusions and improves neonatal adaptation in infants born less than 29 weeks' gestation: a randomized controlled trial.

Hosono S, Mugishima H, Fujita H, Hosono A, Minato M, Okada T, Takahashi S, Harada K.

Source‎: Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 2008;93(1):F14-F19.

Indexed‎: PubMed 17234653

The medical section of is designed as an informational resource primarily for use by clinicians and other health-care professionals. It provides neither medical advice nor treatment recommendations and does not substitute for an appropriately qualified health-care provider. The clinical literature cited is not published by Jehovah’s Witnesses, but it outlines transfusion-alternative strategies that might be considered. It is the responsibility of each qualified health-care provider to maintain awareness of new information, discuss options for care, and assist patients in making choices in accord with their medical condition, wishes, values, and beliefs. Not all listed strategies are appropriate or acceptable to all patients.

Patients: Always seek the advice of your doctor or other qualified health-care provider regarding medical conditions or treatments. Check with a doctor if you suspect you are ill.

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