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Jehovah’s Witnesses


Medicine and Surgery

Multimodality, Interdisciplinary, and Individualized Approach

Management of severe anemia without transfusion in a pediatric Jehovah’s Witness patient.

Akingbola O, Custer J, Bunchman T, Sedman A.

Source‎: Crit Care Med 1994;22(3):524-7.

Indexed‎: PubMed 8125005

Correction of congenital heart defects in Jehovah's Witness children.

Alexi-Meskishvili V, Stiller B, Koster A, Böttcher W, Hübler M, Photiadis J, Lange PE, Hetzer R.

Source‎: Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2004;52(3):141-6.

Indexed‎: PubMed 15192773

Minimizing blood transfusions in the surgical correction of craniosynostosis: a 10-year single-center experience.

Bonfield CM, Sharma J, Cochrane DD, Singhal A, Steinbok P

Source‎: Childs Nerv Syst 2016;32(1):143-51.

Indexed‎: PubMed 26351073

DOI‎: 10.1007/s00381-015-2900-6

A Jehovah's Witness child with hemophilia B and factor IX inhibitors undergoing scoliosis surgery.

Chau A, Wu J, Ansermino M, Tredwell S, Purdy R.

Source‎: Can J Anaesth 2008;55(1):47-51.

Indexed‎: PubMed 18166748

DOI‎: 10.1007/BF03017597

Major surgery in an osteosarcoma patient refusing blood transfusion: case report.

Dhanoa A, Singh VA, Shanmugam R, Rajendram R.

Source‎: World J Surg Oncol. 2010;8:96.

Indexed‎: PubMed 21059231

DOI‎: 10.1186/1477-7819-8-96

The care of a child with multiple trauma and severe anemia who was a Jehovah's Witness.

Digieri LA, Pistelli IP, de Carvalho CE.

Source‎: Hematology 2006;11(3):187-91.

Indexed‎: PubMed 17325960

Total cavopulmonary connection in a 35-month-old Jehovah's Witness child.

Hörer J, Schreiber C, Prodan Z, Zaccaria F, Cleuziou J, Böckler U, Kühn A, Tassani-Prell P, Lange R.

Source‎: J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2008;22(1):108-10.

Indexed‎: PubMed 18249343

DOI‎: 10.1053/j.jvca.2006.11.022

Transfusion-free cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass in a 2.2-kg neonate.

Hübler M, Boettcher W, Koster A, Redlin M, Stiller B, Lange P, Hetzer R.

Source‎: J Card Surg 2005;20(2):180-2.

Indexed‎: PubMed 15725146

Transfusion-free complex cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass in a 3.55-kg Jehovah’s Witness neonate.

Huebler M, Boettcher W, Koster A, Emeis M, Lange P, Hetzer R.

Source‎: Ann Thorac Surg 2005;80(4):1504-6.

Indexed‎: PubMed 16181903

Transfusion-free complex cardiac surgery: with use of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest in a preterm 2.96-kg Jehovah’s witness neonate.

Huebler M, Habazettl H, Boettcher W, Kuppe H, Hetzer R, Redlin M.

Source‎: Tex Heart Inst J 2011;38(5):562-4.

Indexed‎: PubMed 22163136

Blood transfusion risks and alternative strategies in pediatric patients.

Lavoie J.

Source‎: Paediatr Anaesth 2011;21(1):14-24.

Indexed‎: PubMed 21155923

DOI‎: 10.1111/j.1460-9592.2010.03470.x

Transfusion-free anesthetic management for open heart surgery in a neonate—a case report.

Lee JM, Byon HJ, Kim JT, Kim HS, Kim CS.

Source‎: Korean J Anesthesiol 2010;59 Suppl:S141-5.

Indexed‎: PubMed 21286425

DOI‎: 10.4097/kjae.2010.59.S.S141

Use of erythropoietin for bloodless surgery in a Jehovah's Witness infant.

Pérez-Ferrer A, De Vicente J, Gredilla E, García-Vega MI, Bourgeois P, Goldman LJ.

Source‎: Paediatr Anaesth 2003;13(7):633-6.

Indexed‎: PubMed 12950867

Cardiac surgery without blood products in a Jehovah's Witness child with factor VII deficiency.

Pérez-Ferrer A, Gredilla E, de Vicente J, Laporta Y.

Source‎: J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2012;26(4):651-3.

Indexed‎: PubMed 21924639

DOI‎: 10.1053/j.jvca.2011.07.012

Bloodless pediatric cardiopulmonary bypass for a 3.2-kg patient whose parents are of Jehovah's Witness faith.

Ratliff TM, Hodge AB, Preston TJ, Galantowicz M, Naguib A, Gomez D

Source‎: J Extra Corpor Technol 2014;46(2):173-6.

Indexed‎: PubMed 25208437

Extensive lower limb injuries in a child complicated by complex pain management and profound anemia.

Rizzo G, Astuto M, Withington DE.

Source‎: Paediatr Anaesth 2008;18(8):779-81.

Indexed‎: PubMed 18482236

DOI‎: 10.1111/j.1460-9592.2008.02598.x

Heart retransplantation in children without the use of blood product. [Article in English, Portuguese]

Santos AA, Silva JP, Fonseca LD, Baumgratz JF.

Source‎: Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc 2012;27(2):327-330.

Indexed‎: PubMed 22996986

Strategic and operational aspects of a transfusion-free neonatal arterial switch operation.

Schweiger M, Dave H, Kelly J, Hübler M.

Source‎: Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 2013;16(6):890-1.

Indexed‎: PubMed 23460601

DOI‎: 10.1093/icvts/ivt010

The medical section of is designed as an informational resource primarily for use by clinicians and other health-care professionals. It provides neither medical advice nor treatment recommendations and does not substitute for an appropriately qualified health-care provider. The clinical literature cited is not published by Jehovah’s Witnesses, but it outlines transfusion-alternative strategies that might be considered. It is the responsibility of each qualified health-care provider to maintain awareness of new information, discuss options for care, and assist patients in making choices in accord with their medical condition, wishes, values, and beliefs. Not all listed strategies are appropriate or acceptable to all patients.

Patients: Always seek the advice of your doctor or other qualified health-care provider regarding medical conditions or treatments. Check with a doctor if you suspect you are ill.

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