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Jehovah’s Witnesses


Bioethics and Law (Pediatrics)


Meeting the clinical challenge of care for Jehovah's Witnesses.

Bodnaruk ZM, Wong CJ, Thomas MJ.

Source‎: Transfus Med Rev 2004;18(2):105-16.

Indexed‎: PubMed 15067590

Managing Without Blood: The Medical, Legal and Ethical Challenges.

Daniel R.

Source‎: Norwich, UK: Daniel Medico-Legal; 2012.

Indexed‎: ISBN 978-0-9573803-0-1

Major surgery in an osteosarcoma patient refusing blood transfusion: case report.

Dhanoa A, Singh VA, Shanmugam R, Rajendram R.

Source‎: World J Surg Oncol. 2010;8:96.

Indexed‎: PubMed 21059231

DOI‎: 10.1186/1477-7819-8-96

Childhood cancer and the Jehovah's Witness faith.

Frankel LS, Damme CJ, Eys JV.

Source‎: Pediatrics 1977;60(6):916-21.

Indexed‎: PubMed 600607

Transfusion issues in a child of Jehovah's Witness parents: a neurosurgical case report.

Ganjoo P, Panday BC, Chawla R, Tandon MS, Sharma A.

Source‎: J Pediatr Neurol 2011;9(1):105-7.

Indexed‎: ISSN 1875-9041

DOI‎: 10.3233/JPN-2010-0439

Bioethics for clinicians: 9. Involving children in medical decisions.

Harrison C, Kenny NP, Sidarous M, Rowell M.

Source‎: CMAJ 1997;156(6):825-8.

Indexed‎: PubMed 9084389

Religious practice, blood transfusion, and major medical procedures.

Hivey S, Pace N, Garside JP, Wolf AR.

Source‎: Paediatr Anaesth 2009;19(10):934-46.

Indexed‎: PubMed 19754485

DOI‎: 10.1111/j.1460-9592.2009.03139.x

Why "bloodless medicine" and how should we do it?

Kickler TS.

Source‎: Transfusion 2003;43(5):550-1.

Indexed‎: PubMed 12702172

Medical ethics, transfusion, and the standard of practice.

Kipnis K.

Source‎: Perioperative Transfusion Medicine. Second edition. Philadelphia, Penn, USA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2006. p. 45-51.

Indexed‎: ISBN 0-7817-3755-9

The Jehovah's Witness family, transfusions, and pediatric day surgery.

Morrison JE Jr, Lane G, Kelly S, Stool S.

Source‎: Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 1997;38(3):197-205.

Indexed‎: PubMed 9051425

Aggressive non-blood product support of Jehovah's Witnesses.

Parker RI.

Source‎: Crit Care Med 1994;22(3):381-2.

Indexed‎: PubMed 8124987

Law, ethics, religion, and blood management.

Seeber P, Shander A.

Source‎: Basics of Blood Management, Second Edition. Chichester, West Sussex, [UK]; Wiley-Blackwell; 2013. p. 285-96.

Indexed‎: ISBN 978-0-470-67070-5

Ethical perspectives on Jehovah's Witnesses' refusal of blood.

Smith ML.

Source‎: Cleve Clin J Med 1997;64(9):475-81.

Indexed‎: PubMed 9339046

Transfusion Alternative Health Care—Meeting Patient Needs and Rights.

Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania

Source‎: Transfusion Alternatives-Documentary Series, 2004.

Decision making in pediatric oncology: who should take the lead? The decisional priority in pediatric oncology model.

Whitney SN, Ethier AM, Frugé E, Berg S, McCullough LB, Hockenberry M.

Source‎: J Clin Oncol 2006;24(1):160-5.

Indexed‎: PubMed 16382126

The medical section of is designed as an informational resource primarily for use by clinicians and other health-care professionals. It provides neither medical advice nor treatment recommendations and does not substitute for an appropriately qualified health-care provider. The clinical literature cited is not published by Jehovah’s Witnesses, but it outlines transfusion-alternative strategies that might be considered. It is the responsibility of each qualified health-care provider to maintain awareness of new information, discuss options for care, and assist patients in making choices in accord with their medical condition, wishes, values, and beliefs. Not all listed strategies are appropriate or acceptable to all patients.

Patients: Always seek the advice of your doctor or other qualified health-care provider regarding medical conditions or treatments. Check with a doctor if you suspect you are ill.

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