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Jehovah’s Witnesses


Orthopedic Surgery

Tolerance of Normovolemic Anemia

Liberal or restrictive transfusion in high-risk patients after hip surgery.

Carson JL, Terrin ML, Noveck H, Sanders DW, Chaitman BR, Rhoads GG, Nemo G, Dragert K, Beaupre L, Hildebrand K, Macaulay W, Lewis C, Cook DR, Dobbin G, Zakriya KJ, Apple FS, Horney RA, Magaziner J; FOCUS Investigators.

Source‎: N Engl J Med 2011;365(26):2453-62.

Indexed‎: PubMed 22168590

DOI‎: 10.1056/NEJMoa1012452

Anemia versus transfusion: does blood conservation increase the risk of complications?

Mullis B, Fisk E, Weaver D, Zhao Q, Daggy J, Di Cesare PE.

Source‎: Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ) 2015;44(1):E11-6.

Indexed‎: PubMed 25566559

The medical section of is designed as an informational resource primarily for use by clinicians and other health-care professionals. It provides neither medical advice nor treatment recommendations and does not substitute for an appropriately qualified health-care provider. The clinical literature cited is not published by Jehovah’s Witnesses, but it outlines transfusion-alternative strategies that might be considered. It is the responsibility of each qualified health-care provider to maintain awareness of new information, discuss options for care, and assist patients in making choices in accord with their medical condition, wishes, values, and beliefs. Not all listed strategies are appropriate or acceptable to all patients.

Patients: Always seek the advice of your doctor or other qualified health-care provider regarding medical conditions or treatments. Check with a doctor if you suspect you are ill.

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