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Jehovah’s Witnesses


Orthopedic Surgery

Anesthetic Blood Conservation Techniques

Comparative perioperative outcomes associated with neuraxial versus general anesthesia for simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty.

Stundner O, Chiu YL, Sun X, Mazumdar M, Fleischut P, Poultsides L, Gerner P, Fritsch G, Memtsoudis SG.

Source‎: Reg Anesth Pain Med 2012;37(6):638-44.

Indexed‎: PubMed 23080348

DOI‎: 10.1097/AAP.0b013e31826e1494

Greater peripheral blood flow but less bleeding with propofol versus sevoflurane during spine surgery: a possible physiologic model?

Albertin A, La Colla L, Gandolfi A, Colnaghi E, Mandelli D, Gioia G, Fraschini G.

Source‎: Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2008;33(18):2017-22.

Indexed‎: PubMed 18708936

DOI‎: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e31817e0405

Bloodless spinal surgery: a review of the normovolemic hemodilution technique.

Epstein NE.

Source‎: Surg Neurol 2008;70(6):614-8.

Indexed‎: PubMed 18423553

DOI‎: 10.1016/j.surneu.2008.01.022

Hypotensive epidural anesthesia in patients with aortic stenosis undergoing total hip replacement.

Ho MC, Beathe JC, Sharrock NE.

Source‎: Reg Anesth Pain Med 2008;33(2):129-33.

Indexed‎: PubMed 18299093

DOI‎: 10.1016/j.rapm.2007.09.008

The medical section of is designed as an informational resource primarily for use by clinicians and other health-care professionals. It provides neither medical advice nor treatment recommendations and does not substitute for an appropriately qualified health-care provider. The clinical literature cited is not published by Jehovah’s Witnesses, but it outlines transfusion-alternative strategies that might be considered. It is the responsibility of each qualified health-care provider to maintain awareness of new information, discuss options for care, and assist patients in making choices in accord with their medical condition, wishes, values, and beliefs. Not all listed strategies are appropriate or acceptable to all patients.

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