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Jehovah’s Witnesses


Bioethics and Law (General)

Distributive Justice and the Cost-Effectiveness of Transfusion Alternative Strategies

Blood product conservation is associated with improved outcomes and reduced costs after cardiac surgery.

LaPar DJ, Crosby IK, Ailawadi G, Ad N, Choi E, Spiess BD, Rich JB, Kasirajan V, Fonner E Jr, Kron IL, Speir AM; Investigators for the Virginia Cardiac Surgery Quality Initiative.

Source‎: J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2013;145(3):796-804.

Indexed‎: PubMed 23414992

DOI‎: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2012.12.041

The ONTraC Ontario program in blood conservation.

Freedman J.

Source‎: Transfus Apher Sci 2014;50(1):32-6.

Indexed‎: PubMed 24388485

DOI‎: 10.1016/j.transci.2013.12.010

Effective reduction of blood product use in a community teaching hospital: when less is more.

Politsmakher A, Doddapaneni V, Seeratan R, Dosik H.

Source‎: Am J Med 2013;126(10):894-902.

Indexed‎: PubMed 24054957

DOI‎: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2013.06.013

Safety, cost savings, simplicity back broader use of bloodless surgery.

Mathias JM.

Source‎: OR Manager 2013;29(5):1, 6, 8-9.

Indexed‎: PubMed 23755462

Impact of bleeding-related complications and/or blood product transfusions on hospital costs in inpatient surgical patients.

Stokes ME, Ye X, Shah M, Mercaldi K, Reynolds MW, Rupnow MF, Hammond J.

Source‎: BMC Health Serv Res 2011;11:135.

Indexed‎: PubMed 21627788

DOI‎: 10.1186/1472-6963-11-135

Peri-operative blood transfusion increases length of hospital stay and number of postoperative complications in non-cardiac surgical patients.

Bower WF, Jin L, Underwood MJ, Lam YH, Lai PB.

Source‎: Hong Kong Med J 2010;16(2):116-20.

Indexed‎: PubMed 20354245

An economic analysis of costs associated with development of a cell salvage program.

Waters JR, Meier HH, Waters JH.

Source‎: Anesth Analg 2007;104(4):869-75.

Indexed‎: PubMed 17377098

The medical section of is designed as an informational resource primarily for use by clinicians and other health-care professionals. It provides neither medical advice nor treatment recommendations and does not substitute for an appropriately qualified health-care provider. The clinical literature cited is not published by Jehovah’s Witnesses, but it outlines transfusion-alternative strategies that might be considered. It is the responsibility of each qualified health-care provider to maintain awareness of new information, discuss options for care, and assist patients in making choices in accord with their medical condition, wishes, values, and beliefs. Not all listed strategies are appropriate or acceptable to all patients.

Patients: Always seek the advice of your doctor or other qualified health-care provider regarding medical conditions or treatments. Check with a doctor if you suspect you are ill.

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