Zechariah 3:1-10

3  And he proceeded to show me Joshua*+ the high priest standing before the angel* of Jehovah, and Satan*+ standing at his right hand in order to resist+ him.  Then [the angel+ of] Jehovah* said to Satan: “Jehovah rebuke+ you, O Satan, yes, Jehovah rebuke you, he who is choosing Jerusalem!+ Is this one not a log snatched out of the fire?”+  Now as for Joshua, he happened to be clothed in befouled* garments+ and standing before the angel.  Then he answered and said to those standing before him: “Remove the befouled garments from upon him.” And he went on to say to him: “See, I have caused your error to pass away from upon you,+ and there is a clothing of you with robes of state.”+  At that I said:* “Let them put a clean turban upon his head.”+ And they proceeded to put the clean turban upon his head and to clothe him with garments; and the angel of Jehovah* was standing by.  And the angel of Jehovah* began to bear witness to Joshua, saying:  “This is what Jehovah* of armies has said, ‘If it is in my ways that you will walk, and if it is my obligation that you will keep,+ then also it will be you that will judge my house+ and also keep my courtyards; and I shall certainly give you free access among these who are standing by.’  “‘Hear, please, O Joshua the high priest, you and your companions who are sitting before you, for they are men* [serving] as portents;*+ for here I am bringing in my servant+ Sprout!*+  For, look! the stone+ that I have put before Joshua! Upon the one stone there are seven eyes.*+ Here I am engraving its engraving,’+ is the utterance of Jehovah of armies, ‘and I will take away the error of that land in one day.’+ 10  “‘In that day,’ is the utterance of Jehovah of armies, ‘YOU will call, each one to the other, while under [the] vine and while under [the] fig tree.’”+


“Joshua.” Heb., Yehoh·shuʹaʽ; LXXVg, “Jesus.” See Heb 4:8 ftn, “Joshua.”
Or, “the messenger.”
Or, “and the Resister.” Lit., “and the Satan.” Heb., wehas·Sa·tanʹ; Lat., Saʹtan; Gr., Di·aʹbo·los. See Job 1:6 ftn, “Satan.”
“The angel (messenger) of Jehovah,” Sy; MLXXVg, “Jehovah.”
Or, “filthy,” that is, from excrement.
See App 1C §2.
“At that I said,” M; TSyVg, “And he said”; LXX omits.
See App 1C §2.
See App 1C §2.
“Men.” Heb., ʼan·shehʹ, pl. of ʼish.
“Sprout.” Heb., Tseʹmach. Compare Isa 4:2 ftn, “Sprout”; Jer 23:5; Jer 33:15.
Lit., “men of portent (token; wonder).”
Or, “seven pairs of eyes,” as the word for “eyes” is dual in number. Heb., shiv·ʽahʹ ʽeh·naʹyim. See App 3B.