Psalm 68:1-35

To the director. Of David. A melody, a song. 68  Let God arise,+ let his enemies be scattered,+And let those who intensely hate him flee because of him.+   As smoke is driven away, may you drive [them] away;+As wax melts because of the fire,+Let the wicked ones perish from before God.+   But as for the righteous, let them rejoice,+Let them be elated before God,+And let them exult with rejoicing.+   Sing YOU to God, make melody to his name;+Raise up [a song] to the One riding through the desert plains+As Jah,* which is his name;+ and jubilate before him;   A father of fatherless boys and a judge of widows+Is God in his holy dwelling.+   God is causing the solitary ones to dwell in* a house;+He is bringing forth prisoners into full prosperity.+However, as for the stubborn, they have to reside in a scorched land.+   O God, when you went forth before your people,+When you marched through the desert+Seʹlah   The earth itself rocked,+Heaven itself also dripped because of God;+This Siʹnai [rocked] because of God,+ the God of Israel.+   A copious downpour you began causing to fall, O God;+Your inheritance, even when it was weary—you yourself reinvigorated it.+ 10  Your tent community+—they have dwelt in it;+With your goodness you proceeded to make it ready for the afflicted one, O God.+ 11  Jehovah* himself gives the saying;+The women telling the good news are a large army.+ 12  Even the kings of armies flee, they flee.+As for her who abides at home, she shares in the spoil.+ 13  Although YOU men kept lying between the [camp] ash heaps,*There will be the wings of a dove covered with silverAnd its pinions with yellowish-green gold.*+ 14  When the Almighty One* scattered* abroad the kings in it,*+It began to snow in Zalʹmon.+ 15  The mountainous region* of Baʹshan+ is a mountain of God;*+The mountainous region of Baʹshan is a mountain of peaks.+ 16  Why do YOU, O YOU mountains of peaks, keep watching enviouslyThe mountain that God has desired for himself to dwell in?+Even Jehovah himself will reside [there] forever.+ 17  The war chariots of God are in tens of thousands, thousands over and over again.+Jehovah himself has come from Siʹnai* into the holy place.+ 18  You have ascended on high;+You have carried away captives;+You have taken gifts in the form of men,*+Yes, even the stubborn ones,+ to reside [among them],+ O Jah* God.* 19  Blessed be Jehovah,* who daily carries the load for us,+The [true] God of our salvation.+ Seʹlah. 20  The [true] God is for us a God* of saving acts;+And to Jehovah the Sovereign+ Lord belong the ways out* from death.+ 21  Indeed God himself will break the head of his enemies in pieces,+The hairy crown of the head of anyone walking about in his guiltiness.+ 22  Jehovah* has said: “From Baʹshan I shall bring back,+I shall bring [them] back from* the depths of the sea,+ 23  In order that you may wash* your foot in blood,+That the tongue of your dogs may have its portion from the enemies.”+ 24  They have seen your processions, O God,+The processions of my God,* my King, into the holy place.+ 25  The singers went in front, the players on stringed instruments after them;+In between were the maidens beating tambourines.+ 26  In congregated throngs* bless God,+Jehovah,* [O YOU who are] from the Source of Israel.+ 27  There is little Benjamin subduing them,+The princes of Judah with their shouting crowd,The princes of Zebʹu·lun, the princes of Naphʹta·li.+ 28  Your God has laid command upon your strength.+Do show strength, O God, you who have acted for us.+ 29  Because of your temple at Jerusalem,+Kings will bring gifts to you yourself.+ 30  Rebuke the wild beast of the reeds,+ the assembly of bulls,*+With the calves of the peoples, each one stamping down on pieces of silver.+He has scattered* the peoples that take delight in fights.+ 31  Bronzeware things* will come out of Egypt;+Cush* itself will quickly stretch out its hands [with gifts] to God.+ 32  O YOU kingdoms of the earth, sing to God,+Make melody to Jehovah*Seʹlah 33  To the One riding on the ancient heaven of heavens.+Lo! He sounds with his voice, a strong voice.+ 34  ASCRIBE strength to God.+Over Israel his eminence is and his strength is in the clouds.+ 35  God is fear-inspiring out of your grand sanctuary.*+The God of Israel* he is, giving strength, even might to the people.+Blessed be God.+


“As Jah.” BHSftn(Heb.), ki Yah; M(Heb.), beYahʹ, “by Jah.” Yah is the first half of the Tetragrammaton, YHWH. It occurs 49 times in M distinguished by a point (mappik) in its second letter and once, in Ca 8:6, without the mappik. TLXXSyVg, “Jehovah.” See Ex 15:2 ftn, “Jah”; App 1A.
According to M; by a slight correction of the Heb. verb, “bringing back the solitary ones to.”
One of 134 scribal changes from YHWH to ʼAdho·naiʹ. See App 1B.
Or, “saddlebags”; or, “sheepfolds.” The meaning of the Heb. word is uncertain.
“Gold.” Heb., cha·rutsʹ.
“The Almighty One.” Heb., Shad·daiʹ.
Or, “spread.”
“It,” fem., referring to the land.
Or, “The mountain.” Heb., har.
“God.” Heb., ʼElo·himʹ.
“Jehovah himself has come from Sinai,” according to the original reading of the Heb. text and in harmony with De 33:2; M, “The Sovereign Lord [Heb., ʼAdho·naiʹ] is among them, at Sinai.” See vs 11 ftn.
Lit., “in the men.” Heb., ba·ʼa·dhamʹ.
See vs 4 ftn.
“God.” Heb., ʼElo·himʹ.
“Blessed be Jehovah.” Heb., ba·rukhʹ ʼAdho·naiʹ; Gr., Kyʹri·os ho The·osʹ eu·lo·ge·tosʹ, eu·lo·ge·tosʹ Kyʹri·os, “Jehovah God [be] blessed, blessed [be] Jehovah.” See App 1B, 6D.
“God of.” Heb., ʼEl.
Or, “escapes.”
See vs 11 ftn.
“From,” MSy; TLXXVg, “through.”
“Wash,” by a correction of M to agree with LXXSyVg.
“My God.” Heb., ʼE·l.
“In ecclesias,” LXXVg.
“Jehovah.” Heb., Yehwahʹ; many Heb. mss and ed., ʼAdho·naiʹ. See App 1B.
Lit., “powerful ones.”
“He has scattered,” MT; LXXSyVg, “Scatter.”
“Bronzeware things.” Heb., chash·man·nimʹ, of uncertain meaning; LXXSyVg, “Ambassadors.”
“Cush,” MSy; LXXVg, “Ethiopia.”
See vs 11 ftn.
Lit., “sanctuaries.”
“The God of Israel.” By a change of vowel pointing, “To Israel.” Heb., ʼEl Yis·ra·ʼelʹ; LXXSyVg, “The God of Israel.”