Hebrews 11:1-40

11  Faith+ is the assured expectation* of things hoped+ for, the evident demonstration* of realities* though not beheld.+  For by means of this the men of old times* had witness borne to them.+  By faith we perceive that the systems of things*+ were put in order* by God’s word,+ so that what is beheld has come to be out of things that do not appear.+  By faith Abel offered God a sacrifice of greater worth than Cain,+ through which [faith] he had witness borne to him that he was righteous, God bearing witness+ respecting his gifts; and through it he, although he died, yet speaks.+  By faith Eʹnoch+ was transferred so as not to see death, and he was nowhere to be found because God had transferred him;+ for before his transference he had the witness that he had pleased God well.+  Moreover, without faith+ it is impossible to please [him] well,+ for he that approaches God must believe that he is+ and that he becomes the rewarder*+ of those earnestly seeking him.+  By faith Noah,+ after being given divine warning of things not yet beheld,+ showed godly fear and constructed an ark+ for the saving of his household; and through this [faith] he condemned the world,+ and he became an heir of the righteousness+ that is according to faith.  By faith Abraham,+ when he was called, obeyed in going out into a place he was destined to receive as an inheritance; and he went out, although not knowing where he was going.+  By faith he resided as an alien in the land of the promise as in a foreign land,+ and dwelt in tents+ with Isaac+ and Jacob,+ the heirs with him of the very same promise.+ 10  For he was awaiting the city+ having real foundations, the builder* and maker of which [city] is God.+ 11  By faith also Sarah+ herself received power to conceive seed, even when she was past the age limit,+ since she esteemed him faithful who had promised.+ 12  Hence also from one [man],+ and him as good as dead,+ there were born [children] just as the stars of heaven for multitude and as the sands that are by the seaside, innumerable.+ 13  In faith all these died,+ although they did not get the [fulfillment of the] promises,+ but they saw them afar off+ and welcomed* them and publicly declared that they were strangers and temporary residents in the land.+ 14  For those who say such things give evidence that they are earnestly seeking a place of their own.+ 15  And yet, if they had indeed kept remembering that [place] from which they had gone forth,+ they would have had opportunity to return.+ 16  But now they are reaching out for a better [place], that is, one belonging to heaven.+ Hence God is not ashamed of them, to be called upon as their God,+ for he has made a city+ ready for them. 17  By faith Abraham, when he was tested,+ as good as offered* up Isaac, and the man that had gladly received the promises attempted* to offer up [his] only-begotten [son],+ 18  although it had been said to him: “What will be called ‘your seed’ will be through Isaac.”+ 19  But he reckoned that God was able to raise him up even from the dead;+ and from there he did receive him also in an illustrative way.*+ 20  By faith also Isaac blessed Jacob+ and Eʹsau+ concerning things to come. 21  By faith Jacob, when about to die,+ blessed each of the sons of Joseph+ and worshiped leaning* upon the top of his staff.+ 22  By faith Joseph, nearing his end, made mention of the exodus+ of the sons of Israel; and he gave a command concerning his bones.+ 23  By faith Moses was hid for three months by his parents after his birth,+ because they saw the young child was beautiful+ and they did not fear the order+ of the king. 24  By faith Moses, when grown up,+ refused* to be called the son of the daughter of Pharʹaoh,+ 25  choosing to be ill-treated with the people of God rather than to have the temporary enjoyment of sin, 26  because he esteemed the reproach+ of the Christ* as riches greater than the treasures of Egypt; for he looked intently toward the payment of the reward.+ 27  By faith he left Egypt,+ but not fearing the anger of the king,+ for he continued steadfast as seeing the One who is invisible.+ 28  By faith he had celebrated* the passover*+ and the splashing of the blood,+ that the destroyer might not touch their firstborn ones.+ 29  By faith they passed through the Red Sea as on dry land,+ but on venturing out upon it the Egyptians were swallowed up.+ 30  By faith the walls of Jerʹi·cho fell down after they had been encircled* for seven days.+ 31  By faith Raʹhab+ the harlot did not perish with those who acted disobediently, because she received the spies in a peaceable way.+ 32  And what more shall I say? For the time will fail me if I go on to relate about Gidʹe·on,+ Baʹrak,+ Samson,+ Jephʹthah,+ David+ as well as Samuel+ and the [other] prophets,+ 33  who through faith defeated kingdoms in conflict,+ effected righteousness,+ obtained promises,+ stopped the mouths of lions,+ 34  stayed the force of fire,+ escaped the edge* of the sword,+ from a weak state were made powerful,+ became valiant in war,+ routed the armies of foreigners.+ 35  Women received their dead by resurrection;+ but other [men] were tortured because they would not accept release by some ransom, in order that they might attain a better resurrection. 36  Yes, others received their trial by mockings and scourgings, indeed, more than that, by bonds+ and prisons.+ 37  They were stoned,+ they were tried,+ they were sawn asunder, they died+ by slaughter with the sword, they went about in sheepskins,+ in goatskins, while they were in want,+ in tribulation,+ under ill-treatment;+ 38  and the world was not worthy of them. They wandered about in deserts and mountains and caves+ and dens of the earth. 39  And yet all these, although they had witness borne to them through their faith, did not get the [fulfillment of the] promise,+ 40  as God foresaw* something better+ for us,+ in order that they+ might not be made perfect+ apart from us.+


“Assured expectation.” Lit., “a sub-standing.” Gr., hy·poʹsta·sis; Lat., sub·stanʹti·a.
“Evident demonstration.” Or, “convincing evidence.” Gr., eʹleg·khos; Lat., ar·gu·menʹtum. Compare Joh 16:8 ftn.
Lit., “of things.” Gr., prag·maʹton.
“Men of old times.” Lit., “older men.” Gr., pre·sbyʹte·roi.
Or, “the orders of things.” Gr., tous ai·oʹnas; Lat., saeʹcu·la; J22(Heb.), ha·ʽoh·la·mimʹ.
Or, “were prepared; were adjusted.” Lit., “to have been adjusted down.” Gr., ka·ter·tiʹsthai.
Lit., “giver back of reward.”
Lit., “artificer.” Gr., te·khniʹtes.
Or, “greeted; embraced; hailed.”
Or, “Abraham, when being tried, has (as it were) offered.”
Or, “proceeded.”
Lit., “in a parable.” Gr., en pa·ra·bo·leiʹ.
In agreement with the sense of the Heb. text in Ge 47:31, where see ftn.
Lit., “he denied.”
“Of the Christ.” Gr., tou Khri·stouʹ; Lat., Chriʹsti; J17,​18,​22(Heb.), ham·Ma·shiʹach, “the Messiah (Anointed One).”
Or, “he actually celebrated.”
Gr., paʹskha; Lat., paʹscha; J17,​18,​22(Heb.), hap·peʹsach, “the passover.”
Or, “had been besieged (gone around).”
Lit., “mouths.”
Or, “provided.”