Exodus 34:1-35

34  Then Jehovah said to Moses: “Carve out for yourself two tablets of stone like the first ones,+ and I must write upon the tablets the words* that appeared on the first tablets,+ which you shattered.+  And get ready for the morning, as you must go up in the morning into Mount Siʹnai and station yourself by me there on the top of the mountain.+  But nobody may go up with you and, too, let nobody else be seen in all the mountain.+ What is more, no flock or herd should be pasturing in front of that mountain.”+  Accordingly Moses carved out two tablets of stone like the first ones and got up early in the morning and went on up into Mount Siʹnai, just as Jehovah had commanded him, and he was taking the two tablets of stone in his hand.  And Jehovah proceeded to come down+ in the cloud and station himself with him there and declare* the name of Jehovah.+  And Jehovah went passing by before his face and declaring:* “Jehovah, Jehovah, a God* merciful+ and gracious,+ slow to anger+ and abundant in loving-kindness*+ and truth,*+  preserving loving-kindness for thousands,+ pardoning error and transgression and sin,+ but by no means will he give exemption from punishment,+ bringing punishment for the error of fathers upon sons and upon grandsons, upon the third generation and upon the fourth generation.”*+  Moses at once hurried to bow low to the earth and prostrate himself.+  Then he said: “If, now, I have found favor in your eyes, O Jehovah,* let Jehovah,* please, go along in the midst of us,+ because it is a stiff-necked people,+ and you have to forgive our error and our sin,+ and you must take us as your possession.”+ 10  In turn he said: “Here I am concluding a covenant: Before all your people I shall do wonderful things that have never been created in all the earth or among all the nations;+ and all the people in the midst of whom you are will indeed see the work of Jehovah, because it is a fear-inspiring thing that I am doing with you.+ 11  “For your part keep what I am commanding you today.+ Here I am driving out from before you the Amʹor·ites and the Caʹnaan·ites and the Hitʹtites and the Perʹiz·zites and the Hiʹvites and the Jebʹu·sites.+ 12  Watch yourself that you do not conclude a covenant with the inhabitants of the land to which you are going,+ for fear it may prove itself a snare in your midst.+ 13  But their altars YOU people are to pull down, and their sacred pillars YOU are to shatter, and their sacred poles* YOU are to cut down.+ 14  For you must not prostrate yourself to another god,*+ because Jehovah, whose name is Jealous,* he is a jealous God;*+ 15  for fear that you may conclude a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, as they will certainly have immoral intercourse* with their gods*+ and sacrifice to their gods,+ and someone will be certain to invite you, and you will certainly eat some of his sacrifice.+ 16  Then you will have to take some of their* daughters for your sons,+ and their daughters will be certain to have immoral intercourse* with their gods and make your sons have immoral intercourse with their gods.+ 17  “You must not make molten idol gods for yourself.+ 18  “The festival of unfermented cakes you are to keep.+ You will eat unfermented cakes, just as I have commanded you, seven days at the appointed time in the month of Aʹbib,*+ because it was in the month of Aʹbib that you came out of Egypt. 19  “Everything that first opens the womb is mine,+ and, as regards all your livestock, the male firstling of bull and of sheep.+ 20  And the firstling of an ass you are to redeem with a sheep.+ But if you will not redeem it, then you must break its neck. Every firstborn of your sons you are to redeem.+ And they must not appear before me empty-handed.+ 21  “Six days you are to labor,* but on the seventh day you will keep sabbath.*+ In plowing time and in harvest you will keep sabbath.+ 22  “And you will carry on your festival of weeks* with the first ripe fruits of the wheat harvest,+ and the festival of ingathering* at the turn of the year.+ 23  “Three times in the year every male of yours is to appear+ before the [true] Lord, Jehovah,* the God of Israel. 24  For I shall drive the nations away from before you,+ and I will make your territory spacious;+ and nobody will desire your land while you are going up to see the face of Jehovah your God three times in the year.+ 25  “You must not slaughter along with what is leavened the blood of my sacrifice.+ And the sacrifice of the festival of the passover should not stay overnight until the morning.+ 26  “The best of the first ripe fruits+ of your soil you are to bring to the house of Jehovah your God.+ “You must not boil a kid in its mother’s milk.”+ 27  And Jehovah went on to say to Moses: “Write down for yourself these words,+ because it is in accordance with these words that I do conclude a covenant with you and Israel.”+ 28  And he continued there with Jehovah forty days and forty nights. He ate no bread and he drank no water.+ And he* proceeded to write upon the tablets the words of the covenant, the Ten Words.*+ 29  Now it came about when Moses came down from Mount Siʹnai that the two tablets of the Testimony were in the hand of Moses when he came down from the mountain,+ and Moses did not know that the skin of his face emitted rays because of his having spoken with him.+ 30  When Aaron and all the sons of Israel got to see Moses, why, look! the skin of his face emitted rays and they grew afraid of coming near to him.+ 31  And Moses proceeded to call them. So Aaron and all the chieftains* among the assembly came back to him, and Moses began to speak to them. 32  First after that all the sons of Israel came near to him, and he began commanding them all that Jehovah had spoken with him on Mount Siʹnai.+ 33  When Moses would finish speaking with them, he would put a veil over his face.+ 34  But when Moses would go in before Jehovah to speak with him, he would take away the veil until his going out.+ And he went out and spoke to the sons of Israel what he would be commanded.+ 35  And the sons of Israel saw Moses’ face, that the skin of Moses’ face emitted rays;+ and Moses put the veil back over his face until he went in to speak with him.+


Or, “commands.”
Or, “preach.” Lit., “call upon.”
Or, “faithfulness.”
Or, “loyal love.”
“A God.” Heb., ʼEl; Gr., The·osʹ.
Lit., “and calling.”
Lit., “to the third and fourth [generated] ones.”
One of 134 scribal changes from YHWH to ʼAdho·naiʹ. See App 1B.
See previous ftn.
Or, “their Asherim.”
“To . . . god.” Heb., leʼelʹ.
Lit., “Jealous [is] his name.” Heb., Qan·naʼʹ shemohʹ.
“A jealous God.” Or, “a God exacting exclusive devotion.” Heb., ʼEl qan·naʼʹ; Gr., The·osʹ ze·lo·tesʹ. See 20:5 ftn, “Devotion.”
“Their gods.” Heb., ʼelo·heh·hemʹ.
Or, “certainly commit fornication.”
Lit., “his,” but in a collective sense.
Lit., “and [their daughters] will fornicate.” Heb., weza·nuʹ; Gr., kai ek·por·neuʹso·sin; Lat., fuʹe·rint for·ni·caʹtae.
See 13:4 ftn.
Or, “render service.” Gr., er·gaiʹ.
Or, “you will rest.”
Or, “Pentecost,” Sivan 6, the 50th day from Nisan 16. See App 8B.
Or, “harvest.”
“The [true] Lord, Jehovah.” Heb., ha·ʼA·dhonʹ Yehwahʹ; Vg, “the omnipotent Lord.” See App 1H.
“The Ten Words.” Heb., ʽaseʹreth had·deva·rimʹ; Gr., tous deʹka loʹgous; that is, the ten words of command, the ten things to do, the Deca­logue, or the Ten Commandments. See De 4:13 ftn.
“He.” See vs 1.
Or, “nasis.”