The Bible’s answer
Jesus’ sacrifice is the means by which God delivers, or saves, humankind from sin and death. The Bible refers to the shed blood of Jesus as a ransom price. (Ephesians 1:7; 1 Peter 1:
Why was “a ransom for many” needed?
The first man, Adam, was created perfect, or without sin. He had the prospect of living forever but lost it by choosing to disobey God. (Genesis 3:
God felt compassion for Adam’s descendants in their hopeless situation. (John 3:
How does the ransom work?
In the Bible, the term “ransom” involves the following three elements:
It is a payment.
—Numbers 3: 46, 47.
It brings about a release, or redemption.
It corresponds to the value of what is paid for, or covers it. *
Consider how these elements apply to the ransom sacrifice of Jesus Christ.
Payment. The Bible says that Christians were “bought with a price.” (1 Corinthians 6:
20; 7: 23) That price is the blood of Jesus, with which he “bought people for God out of every tribe and tongue and people and nation.” —Revelation 5: 8, 9.
Correspondence. Jesus’ sacrifice corresponds exactly to what Adam lost
—one perfect human life. (1 Corinthians 15:21, 22, 45, 46) The Bible says: “Just as through the disobedience of the one man [Adam] many were made sinners, so also through the obedience of the one person [Jesus Christ] many will be made righteous.” (Romans 5: 19) This explains how the death of one man can pay the ransom for many sinners. In fact, Jesus’ sacrifice is “a corresponding ransom for all” those who take the steps necessary to benefit from it. —1 Timothy 2: 5, 6.
^ par. 11 In the Bible, the original words translated “ransom” convey the idea of a price, or thing of value, that is paid. For example, the Hebrew verb ka·pharʹ basically means “cover.” (Genesis 6:
What is the ransom? How can you benefit from it?