1Now the sons of Reu′ben and the sons of Gad had come to have numerous livestock, very many, in fact. And they began to see the land of Ja′zer and the land of Gil′e‧ad, and, look! the place was a place for livestock.2Hence the sons of Gad and the sons of Reu′ben came and said this to Moses and El‧e‧a′zar the priest and to the chieftains of the assembly:3“At′a‧roth and Di′bon and Ja′zer and Nim′rah and Hesh′bon and E‧le‧a′leh and Se′bam and Ne′bo and Be′on,4the land that Jehovah defeated before the assembly of Israel, is a land for livestock, and your servants have livestock.”5And they went on to say: “If we have found favor in your eyes, let this land be given to your servants as a possession. Do not make us cross the Jordan.”
6Then Moses said to the sons of Gad and the sons of Reu′ben: “Are YOUR brothers to go to war while YOU yourselves keep dwelling here?7And why should YOU dishearten the sons of Israel from crossing into the land that Jehovah will certainly give them?8That is the way YOUR fathers did when I sent them from Ka′desh‐bar′ne‧a to see the land.9When they went up to the torrent valley of Esh′col and saw the land, then they disheartened the sons of Israel, so as not to go into the land that Jehovah was certain to give them.10Consequently Jehovah’s anger blazed on that day so that he swore, saying,11‘The men who came up out of Egypt from twenty years old upward will not see the soil of which I have sworn to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, because they have not followed me wholly,12except Ca′leb the son of Je‧phun′neh the Ken′iz‧zite and Joshua the son of Nun, because they have followed Jehovah wholly.’13So Jehovah’s anger blazed against Israel and he made them wander about in the wilderness forty years, until all the generation that was doing evil in the eyes of Jehovah came to their end.14And here YOU have risen in the place of YOUR fathers as the brood of sinful men in order to add further to the burning anger of Jehovah against Israel.15In case YOU should turn back from following him, he also would certainly once again let them stay longer in the wilderness, and YOU would have acted ruinously toward all this people.”
16Later they approached him and said: “Let us build here stone flock pens for our livestock and cities for our little ones.17But we ourselves shall go equipped in battle formation before the sons of Israel until whenever we have brought them to their place, while our little ones must dwell in the cities with fortifications away from the face of the inhabitants of the land.18We shall not return to our houses until the sons of Israel have provided themselves with landed property, each with his own inheritance.19For we shall not get an inheritance with them from the side of the Jordan and beyond, because our inheritance has come to us from the side of the Jordan toward the sunrising.”
20At this Moses said to them: “If YOU will do this thing, if YOU will equip yourselves before Jehovah for the war,21and every equipped one of YOURS will actually pass over the Jordan before Jehovah, until he drives away his enemies from before him,22and the land is actually subdued before Jehovah, and afterward YOU return, YOU also will indeed prove yourselves free from guilt against Jehovah and against Israel; and this land must become YOURS as a possession before Jehovah.23But if YOU will not do this way, YOU will also certainly sin against Jehovah. In that case know that YOUR sin will catch up with YOU.24Build for yourselves cities for YOUR little ones and stone pens for YOUR flocks, and what has gone forth from YOUR mouth YOU should do.”
25Then the sons of Gad and the sons of Reu′ben said this to Moses: “Your servants will do just as my lord is commanding.26Our little ones, our wives, our livestock and all our domestic animals will stay there in the cities of Gil′e‧ad,27but your servants will pass over, everyone equipped for the army, before Jehovah for the war, just as my lord is speaking.”
28Accordingly Moses gave a command respecting them to El‧e‧a′zar the priest and to Joshua the son of Nun and to the heads of the fathers of the tribes of the sons of Israel.29So Moses said to them: “If the sons of Gad and the sons of Reu′ben pass with YOU over the Jordan, everyone equipped for the war, before Jehovah, and the land is actually subdued before YOU, YOU must then give them the land of Gil′e‧ad as a possession.30But if they do not pass over equipped with YOU, they must then be settled in YOUR midst in the land of Ca′naan.”
31To this the sons of Gad and the sons of Reu′ben answered, saying: “What Jehovah has spoken to your servants is the way we shall do.32We ourselves will pass over equipped before Jehovah to the land of Ca′naan, and the possession of our inheritance will be with us on this side of the Jordan.”33At this Moses gave to them, that is, to the sons of Gad and to the sons of Reu′ben and to half the tribe of Ma‧nas′seh the son of Joseph, the kingdom of Si′hon the king of the Am′or‧ites and the kingdom of Og the king of Ba′shan, the land belonging to its cities in the territories, and the cities of the land round about.
34And the sons of Gad proceeded to build Di′bon and At′a‧roth and A‧ro′er,35and At′roth‐sho′phan and Ja′zer and Jog′be‧hah,36and Beth‐nim′rah and Beth‐ha′ran, cities with fortifications, and stone flock pens.37And the sons of Reu′ben built Hesh′bon and E‧le‧a′leh and Kir‧i‧a‧tha′im,38and Ne′bo and Ba′al‐me′on—their names being changed—and Sib′mah; and they began to call by their own names the names of the cities that they built.
39And the sons of Ma′chir the son of Ma‧nas′seh proceeded to march to Gil′e‧ad and to capture it and to drive away the Am′or‧ites who were in it.40So Moses gave Gil′e‧ad to Ma′chir the son of Ma‧nas′seh, and he took up dwelling in it.41And Ja′ir the son of Ma‧nas′seh marched and went capturing their tent villages, and he began to call them Hav′voth‐ja′ir.42And No′bah marched and went capturing Ke′nath and its dependent towns; and he began to call it No′bah by his own name.