1These are the words that Moses spoke to all Israel in the region of the Jordan in the wilderness, on the desert plains in front of Suph, between Pa′ran and To′phel and La′ban and Ha‧ze′roth and Di′za‧hab,2it being eleven days from Ho′reb by the way of Mount Se′ir to Ka′desh‐bar′ne‧a.3And it came about that in the fortieth year, in the eleventh month, on the first of the month, Moses spoke to the sons of Israel according to all that Jehovah had commanded him for them,4after his defeating Si′hon the king of the Am′or‧ites, who was dwelling in Hesh′bon, and Og the king of Ba′shan, who was dwelling in Ash′ta‧roth, in Ed′re‧i.5In the region of the Jordan in the land of Mo′ab Moses undertook to explain this law, saying:
6“Jehovah our God spoke to us in Ho′reb, saying, ‘YOU have dwelt long enough in this mountainous region.7Turn and set out on YOUR way and go into the mountainous region of the Am′or‧ites and to all their neighbors in the Ar′a‧bah, the mountainous region and the She‧phe′lah and the Neg′eb and the seacoast, the land of the Ca′naan‧ites, and Leb′a‧non, up to the great river, the river Eu‧phra′tes.8See, I do put the land before YOU people. Go in and take possession of the land about which Jehovah swore to YOUR fathers, to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, to give it to them and their seed after them.’
9“And I proceeded to say this to YOU at that particular time, ‘I am not able by myself to carry YOU.10Jehovah YOUR God has multiplied YOU, and here YOU are today like the stars of the heavens for multitude.11May Jehovah the God of YOUR forefathers increase YOU a thousand times as many as YOU are, and may he bless YOU just as he has promised YOU.12How can I carry by myself the burden of YOU and the load of YOU and YOUR quarreling?13Get wise and discreet and experienced men of YOUR tribes, that I may set them as heads over YOU.’14At that YOU answered me and said, ‘The thing you have spoken for us to do is good.’15So I took the heads of YOUR tribes, men wise and experienced, and put them as heads over YOU, chiefs of thousands and chiefs of hundreds and chiefs of fifties and chiefs of tens and officers of YOUR tribes.
16“And I went on to command YOUR judges at that particular time, saying, ‘When having a hearing between YOUR brothers, YOU must judge with righteousness between a man and his brother or his alien resident.17YOU must not be partial in judgment. YOU should hear the little one the same as the great one. YOU must not become frightened because of a man, for the judgment belongs to God; and the case that is too hard for YOU, YOU should present to me, and I must hear it.’18And I proceeded to command YOU at that particular time all the things that YOU should do.
19“Then we pulled away from Ho′reb and went marching through all that great and fear‐inspiring wilderness, which YOU have seen, by the way of the mountainous region of the Am′or‧ites, just as Jehovah our God had commanded us; and we eventually came to Ka′desh‐bar′ne‧a.20I now said to YOU, ‘YOU have come to the mountainous region of the Am′or‧ites, which Jehovah our God is giving to us.21See, Jehovah your God has abandoned the land to you. Go up, take possession, just as Jehovah the God of your forefathers has spoken to you. Do not be afraid, nor be terrified.’
22“However, all of YOU came near to me and said, ‘Do let us send men ahead of us that they may search out the land for us and bring us back word concerning the way by which we should go up and the cities to which we will come.’23Well, the thing proved to be good in my eyes, so that I took twelve men of YOURS, one for each tribe.24Then they turned and went up into the mountainous region and got as far as the torrent valley of Esh′col and went spying on it.25And they proceeded to take some of the fruitage of the land in their hand and to bring it down to us, and they came bringing us back word and saying, ‘The land that Jehovah our God is giving us is good.’26But YOU did not wish to go up, and YOU began to behave rebelliously against the order of Jehovah YOUR God.27And YOU kept grumbling in YOUR tents and saying, ‘It was because Jehovah hated us that he brought us out of the land of Egypt to give us into the hand of the Am′or‧ites, to annihilate us.28Where are we going up? Our brothers have caused our heart to melt, saying: “A people greater and taller than we are, cities great and fortified to the heavens and also the sons of the An′a‧kim we saw there.”’
29“So I said to YOU, ‘YOU must not suffer a shock or be afraid because of them.30Jehovah YOUR God is the one going before YOU. He will fight for YOU according to all that he did with YOU in Egypt under YOUR own eyes,31and in the wilderness, where you saw how Jehovah your God carried you just as a man carries his son, in all the way that YOU walked until YOUR coming to this place.’32But despite this word YOU were not putting faith in Jehovah YOUR God,33who was going before YOU in the way to spy out for YOU a place for YOU to camp, by fire at night for YOU to see by what way YOU should walk and by a cloud in daytime.
34“All the while Jehovah heard the voice of YOUR words. So he became indignant and swore, saying,35‘Not one among these men of this evil generation will see the good land that I swore to give to YOUR fathers,36except Ca′leb the son of Je‧phun′neh. He will see it, and to him and to his sons I shall give the land upon which he trod, by reason of the fact that he has followed Jehovah fully.37(Even against me Jehovah got incensed on YOUR account, saying, ‘You too will not go in there.38Joshua the son of Nun, who is standing before you, is the one who will go in there.’ Him he has made strong, because he will cause Israel to inherit it.)39As for YOUR little ones of whom YOU said: “Plunder they will become!” and YOUR sons who today do not know good or bad, these will go in there, and to them I shall give it, and they will take possession of it.40As for YOU yourselves, change your direction and pull away for the wilderness by the way of the Red Sea.’
41“At this YOU answered and said to me, ‘We have sinned against Jehovah. We—we shall go up and fight in accord with all that Jehovah our God has commanded us!’ So YOU girded on, each one, his weapons of war and regarded it as easy to go up into the mountain.42But Jehovah said to me, ‘Say to them: “YOU must not go up and fight, because I am not in YOUR midst; that YOU may not be defeated before YOUR enemies.”’43So I spoke to YOU, and YOU did not listen but began to behave rebelliously against Jehovah’s order and to get all heated up, and you tried to go up into the mountain.44Then the Am′or‧ites who were dwelling in that mountain came out to meet YOU and went chasing YOU, just as bees do, and scattering YOU in Se′ir as far as Hor′mah.45After that YOU returned and began to weep before Jehovah, but Jehovah did not listen to YOUR voice, neither did he give ear to YOU.46So YOU kept dwelling in Ka′desh many days, as many days as YOU did dwell there.